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Chapter 15 Vocabulary

articulation Any joint
bursa Sac of fluid around a joint
ligament connective tissue binding bones to other bones; supports, strengthens, and stabilizes the joint.
Suture joint Joint in which apposed surfaces are closely united;motion is minimal
synovial cavity Viscous fluid within the synovial cavity. Similar to egg white.
synovial joint a freely movable joint
synovial membrane Membrane lining the synovial cavity; it produces synovial fluid.
Tendon Connective tissue that binds muscle to bones.
acetabulumn rounded depression or socket in the pelvis which joins the femur forming the hip joint.
Bone Dense hard connective tissue composing the skeleton.
Calcium One of the minerals constituents of bone
cartilaginous tissue Flexible, rubbery, connective tissue.
Cancellous Bone Spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner part of the bone.
collagen Dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone & other tissues.
Compact bone Hard dense bone tissue found on the outside of bone.
Condyle Knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint.
Cranial bones skull bones
diaphysis Shaft or mid-portion of a long bone.
Disk Flat, round, plate like structure found between two vertebrae
epiphyseal plate Cartilage found at the end of long bones for lengthwise growth
Epiphysis The area of bone around the epiphyseal plate
Facial bones Bones of the face
Fissure Narrow slit-like opening
Fontanelle Soft spot
Foramen opening on the bones were blood vessels and nerves enter and leave the bones.
fossa Shallow cavity in bone
Haversian canals Minute space filled with blood vessels. Found in compact bone
Malleoulus Round process on both sides of the ankle joint
Manubrium Upper part of the sternum
Mastoid process round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear.
Medullary cavity Central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of the long bone
Metaphysis Flare portion of a long bone between the shaft and the growth plate (Meta-means between)
Olecranon The point of the flexed elbow. Proximal end of the elbow.
Osseous tissue bone tissue
ossification bone formation
osteoblast Bone cell that helps form bone tissue.
Osteoclast Bone cell that removes unwanted bone tissue.
Periosteum Membrane surrounding bones
Phosphorus Mineral substances found in bone
Pubic symphsis Coming together of the two pubic bones
Red bone marrow Found in cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
Sella turcica Depresssion in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
Sinus Hollow air cavity within a bone
Styloid process pole-like process extending down from the temporal bone on each side of the skull
Suture joint between bones
Temporomandibidular joint Connection between the temporal bone of the skull and the mandibular bone of the jaw.
Trabeculae supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone.
tubercle-tuberosity Rounded, small process on bones. Attachment site for tendons and muscles.
Vertebra Individual back bone
xiphoid process lower portion of the sternum
Yellow bone Marrow fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long bones.
Acromion Outward extension of the shoulder blade forming the point of the shoulder.
Created by: fozzybear2