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Reaction formation Unacceptable impulse is transformed into its opposite.
Dissociation Person's character or sense of identity is temporarily but drastically modified in order to avoid emotional distress.
Identification Process of adopting other people's characteristics.
Denial Failure to acknowledge some aspect of external reality that would be apparent to others.
Distortion Grossly reshaping external reality to suit inner needs.
Projection Attributing one’s own unacknowledged feelings, impulses, or thoughts to others.
Projective Identification Attribution of unacceptable personality characteristics onto another, followed by identification with that other.
Acting-Out Acting without reflection or apparent regard for negative consequences.
Passive Aggression Indirect and unassertive expression of aggression towards others.
Regression Return to earlier levels of adaptation.
Displacement Redirection of thoughts or feelings about a person or situation onto another, usually less threatening, person or situation.
Intellectualization Excessive abstract thinking to avoid experiencing disturbing feelings.
Isolation Separation of a feeling from its unpleasant idea.
Rationalization Use of reassuring or self-serving, but incorrect, explanations for one’s own or others’ behavior.
Reaction Formation Substitution of behavior, thoughts, or feelings that are dramatically opposed to one’s own unacceptable ones.
Repression Inability to remember to be cognitively aware of disturbing wishes, feelings, thoughts, or experiences.
Idealization Attribution of exaggerated positive qualities to self or others.
Devaluation Attribution of exaggerated negative qualities to self or others.
Splitting Experience of others as being all good or all bad (i.e., idealization or devaluation).
Dissociation A temporary alteration in the integrative functions of the consciousness of identity.
Altruism Vicarious but constructive and gratifying service to others.
Humor Use of comedy to overtly express thoughts or feelings without discomfort to self or others.
Suppression Intent and avoidance of thoughts about disturbing problems, desires, feelings, or experiences.
Sublimation Channeling of unacceptable thoughts and feelings into socially acceptable ones.
Created by: megankirch