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Body Structur

a- no, not without lack of, apart
ab- away from
ad- toward
ana- up
cata- down
epi- upon, above
hypo- below, deficient
hyper- above, excessive
inter- between
meta- change
abdomin/o abdominal
adip/o fat
bol/o throw
chondr/o cartilage
chrom/o color
crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
eti/o cause of
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
cyan/o blue
xanth/o yellow
thel/o nipple
sarc/o flesh
thromb/o clot
ne/o new
my/o muscle
home/o similar
heter/o dissimilar
viscer/o internal organ
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-ectomy excision
-ior pertaining to
-ism process of
-ose pertaining to, full of
-plasm a thing formed
-somes bodies
-tomy process of cuttingty
Musculoskeletal Bones, joints, cartilage, tendons, ligaments
Cardiovascular Heart, blood vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries)
Lymphatic & Immune Lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland
Respiratory Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
Digestive Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
Urinary Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Nervous Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Integumentary Skin, hair, nails, sweat, oil and wax glands
Endocrine Thyroid gland, pituitary gland, sex glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, parathyroid glands
Reproductive- Female ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
Reproductive - Male Testes, prostate, penis, urethra
DNA Sequence of chemicals that make up genes and directs the activities of the cell
gene Regions of DNA in each chromosome considered to be the basic unit of heredity
chromosome Rod like nucleic structures (23 pairs) composed of genes
nucleus Controlling structure of controlling 23 pairs of chromosomes
cytoplasm All the material outside the nucleus yet contained in the membrane of the cell
mitochondria Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned and energy is released;
endoplasmic reticulum Canal-like structures in the cytoplasm in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces
anabolism The process of building complex proteins from amino acids
catabolism The process of breaking down complex foods into simpler substances and releasing energy during the process
metabolism The total chemical process within a cell
cell Basic unit of all living things
tissue Groups of similar cells performing one function
organs Structures composed of several kinds of tissues
system Groups of organs working together to perform complex functions
somatic cells Any cell in the body that is not a reproductive cell having 46 (23 pairs) of chromosomes
germ cells Reproductive cell either sperm or ovum having 23 chromosomes
mitosis Cellular division and reproduction of somatic cells
meiosis Cellular division and reproduction of germ cells
epithelial tissue Cells that cover and line all the surfaces of the body
nerve tissue Tissue that conducts nerve impulses all over the body
connective tissue Tissue that supports and combines other body parts
viscera Internal organs
Created by: barbarabenson