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PRAXIS 053/Laws

Federal Laws

IDEA 2004 (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act) Extends the right to an education for all students with disabilities in the public school system across the country, not including those identified as gifted or talented.
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act of 1973) Extends civil rights to individuals with disabilities focused on prohibiting discrimination in education, employment, and other community settings.
Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Student Education Act-1988 Federal funds provided specifically to students who are considered economically disadvantaged, who demonstrate limited English proficiency or have a disability while also identified as gifted or talented.
ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act-1990) Extends civil rights to individuals with disabilities in private sector employment, public services, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunications.
Education Consolidation Act-1982 Merged the federal Office of Gifted and Talented with other federal programs and states received block grants to determine which programs and students to support.
NCLB (No Child Left Behind-2001) Primary goal is for all children to be proficient in all subject matter by 2014 and imposes a requirement that all teachers must be "highly qualified."
Gifted and Talented Children's Education Act-1978 Allows for funding to support the exceptional needs of students in the areas of identification, education, and programming.
FERPA (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act) Although not a specific special education law, it affects schools, education programs, and those persons associated with students who have exceptional needs. This federal law protects the privacy of all students' educational records.
Created by: pkooyman