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PRAXIS 053/Prevalenc

Prevalence of Exceptionalities

Autism Affects boys four times as often as girls. In the past 10 years, it is estimated that the numbers of children served has increased by more than four times the previous rates with 20 to 60 children per 10,000 being affected.
Communication Disorder Between 18 and 20 percent of children in special education programs receive services for this, although some estimate the numbers at 50 percent. This is more common among male students.
Vision Impairment 0.4 percent of children and there are very few children served under this category alone.
Emotional Disturbance/Behavioral Disorder 33 percent of the school population are regarded as having this problem, with about 10 percent requiring specific assistance and about 3 percent identified with problems significant enough to require direct special education services. The majority boys.
Traumatic Brain Injury Most commonly acquired disability in children. Very few receive special education services under this category.
Gifted/Talented 3 to 5 percent of all school-age students. Including highly talented, the rates surge to 10 to 15 percent.
Multiple Disabilities Lowest one percent of the school population.
Hearing Impairment About 1.2 percent of the school-age children receive special education services under this category with about 0.1 percent of those students placed in residential schools.
Other Health Impaired or Physical Disability About 8 to 9 percent of the special education population receiving services in schools. About 20 percent of the total school-age population affected.
Learning Disability About 3 million students each year. About 50 percent of the school-age population.
Mental Retardation About 10 percent of the special education population or 1 percent of the school-age population.
Created by: pkooyman
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