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Medical Terminology: The Endocrine System

The hormone(s) affecting the sympathetic nervous system in stress response. (2 possible answers) epinephrine, norepinephrine
Produced by the pineal gland (located in the center of the brain; affects the onset of puberty) melatonin
The gland which produces follicle-stimulating hormone that stimulates secretion of estrogen and sperm production. adenopypophysis
A deficient level of potassium in the blood is termed: hypokalemia
The test that measures the level of specific ions in the blood to monitor metabolism electrolytes
Gland in the neck located behind the thyroid that regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism parathyroid
Gland in the chest that produces a hormone that regulates the immune response thymus
Hypothyroidism during fetal development can produce a condition called ____________________. cretinism
The medical term for high blood sugar hyperglycemia
Abnormal amount of ketone bodies in the blood ketosis
The condition (in adults) of the thyroid gland causing low thyroid levels in the blood that result in sluggishness, slow pulse, and often obesity hypothyroidism
The disease characterized by enlarged features (esp. hands and face) resulting from hypersecretion of the pituitary growth hormone acromegaly
The hormone that stimulates secretion of estrogen and sperm production (abbreviation). FSH
The condition in which the body produces insulin, but the body does not use it effectively. The patient is not usually insulin-dependent for survival. Type 2 diabetes mellitus
A drug that raises blood sugar antihypoglycemic
A thyroid uptake and image is produced using which technology? nuclear medicine
A medical instrument that takes transverse radiologic images of body structures computed tomography
A condition characterized by excessive hair growth or growth of hair in unusual places hirsutism
The suffix in the term thyromegaly means _________________. enlarged
The combining form in the term androblastoma means ___________. male
Carbohydrate and sugar metabolism is regulated by the hormone ____________. glucagon
The combining form in the term endocrinology means to ______________. secrete
A condition that may be caused by an increase in cortisol secretion is _______________ syndrome. Cushing
The combining form in the term polydipsia means________. thirst
Excision of the pituitary gland is ____________________. hypophysectomy
Glucosuria and ____________ refer glucose (sugar) in the urine. glycosuria
_______________ -stimulating hormone affects skin pigmentation melanocyte
The ______________ function study measures the levels of T3, T4, and TSH in the blood. thyroid
Three terms that describe hypersecretion of the thyroid gland are hyperthyroidism, Graves disease, and ____________. thyrotoxicosis
The condition of having excessive insulin secretion hyperinsulinism
Advanced hypothyroidism in adults myxedema
The condition in which one or both eyeballs protrude because of a thyroid dysfunction exophthalmos
Excessive urination polyuria
A drug that lowers blood sugar is termed a hypoglycemic or _________________________ antihyperglycemic
The ____________ secrete estrogen and progesterone. ovaries
The absorption of water by kidney tubules is influenced by ________________ hormone. antidiuretic
The adrenal glands are located next to the _____________. kidneys
The chemical test most commonly used as a screen for diabetes is ___________ sugar and ketone studies. urine
Decreased secretion of the parathyroid gland hypoparathyroidism
Created by: alslush