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MedTerminology Final

Medical Terminology Final Review Word Parts/Abbreviations

erythr/o Red
hem/o, hemat/o Blood
leuk/o white
lymph/o clear water/fluid
path/o disease
thromb/o clot
-emia condition of the blood
macro- large
poly- many
-lysis loosen, dissolve
-megaly abnormally large
-osis condition of
-penia abnormal reduction in number or deficiency
-rrhage profuse bleeding, hemorrhage
aut/o self
iatr/o physician
necr/o death
nosocom/o hospital
path/o disease
CBC complete blood count
Hct hematocrit
PLT platelet
RBC red blood count
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o sac, bursa
carp/o wrist
cost/o rib
femor/o thigh, femur
myel/o bone marrow
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
spondyl/o vertebra
vertebr/o vertebra
oste/o bone
stern/o chest, sternum
synov/o synovial
synovi/o synovial
dys- abnormal, painful, difficult
kinesi/o motion
-algia pain
-dynia pain
carcin/o cancer
carp/o wrist
kyph/o hump
lord/o bent forward
scoli/o curved
-asthenia weakness
malacia softening
-plegia paralysis
-ptosis drooping
orth/o straight
-ist one who specializes
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
EMG electromyogram
RA rheumatoid arthritis
ROM range of motion
TMJ temporomandibular joint
angi/o blood vessel
aort/o aorta
atri/o atrium
pector/o chest
vas/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
brady- slow
cardi/o heart
tachy- rapid
cyan/o blue
sten/o narrow
epi- upon, on top
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty
atri/o atrium
phleb/o vein
scler/o thick or hard
tens/o pressure
varic/o dilated vein
-itis inflammation
ech/o sound
CAD coronary artery disease
CHF congestive heart failure
EKG, ECG electrocardiogram
MI myocardial infarction
append/o, appendic/o appendix
bil/i bile, gall
chol/e bile, gall
col/o, colon/o colon
cyst/o bladder
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
gingiv/o gums
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
sigm/o sigmoid colon
flux/o flow
halit/o breath
phag/o eat, swallow
steat/o fat
cirrh/o orange
diverticul/o diverticulum
lip/o fat
parot/o parotid gland
polyp/o small growth
FOBT fecal occult blood test
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
Created by: bismark