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phlebotomy chapter2


hematology section studies the formed (cellular) elements of the blood
anemia deficiency of RBCs
anticoagulant substance that prevents the blood from clotting
hemolysis destruction of RBCs
hemostasis stoppage of blood flow from a damaged blood vessel
leukemia malignant overproduction of WBCs
plasma liquid portion of blood
serum clear yellow fluid that remains after the clotted blood has been centrifuged and separated
chemistry section divided into general and automated chemistry, electrophoresis, toxicology and immunochemistry
centrifuge instrument that spins test tubes at high speeds to separate cellular and portions of blood
electrolyte ions in the blood
electrophoresis method of separation be electrical charge
enzyme protein capable of producing a chemical reaction with a specific substance (substrate)
icteric appearing yellow
immunochemistry chemical analysis performed using antigens and antibodies
isoenzyme specific form of enzyme
lipemic pertaining to the turbidity of lipids
toxicology study of poisons
blood bank section blood is collected, stored and prepared for transfusions
antibody protein produced by exposure to antigen
antigen substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies
blood group classification based on the presence or absence of A or B antigens on the RBCs
compatibility (crossmatch) procedure that matches patient and donor blood before a transfusion
cryoprecipitate component of fresh plasma that contains clotting factors
fresh frozen plasma plasma collected from a unit of blood and immediately frozen
immunohematology the study of blood cell antigens and their anitbodies and their antibodies
packed cells blood from which the plasma has been removed
unit of blood 405-409 mL of blood collected from a donor for a transfusion
serology (immunology) section performs tests to evaluate the body's immune response; the production of antibodies and cellular activation
autoimmunity conditon in which a person produces antibodies that react wiht the person's own antigens
immunoglobulin another name for antibody
immunology the study of the immune system
serology the study of serum
microbiology section responsible for the identification of pathogenic microorganisms and the hospital infection control
bacteria one cell microorganisms
bacteriology the study of bacteria
culture and sensitivity microbiology test to identify microorganisms and determine antibiotic susceptibility
gram stain stain used to classify bacteria
microbiology the study of microorganisms
microorganism one cell organism such as bacterium or virus
mycology study of fungi
parasitology study of parasites
virology study of viruses
urinalysis section routine screening procedure to detect disorders and infections of the kidney and detect metabolic disorder such as diabetes mellitus liver disease
cast protein structure formed in the tubules of the kidney
first morning specimen the first voided urine specimen collected immediately upon rising; recommended screening specimen
glycosuria glucose in the urine
hematuria (hemoglobinuria) blood or hemoglobin in th urine
ketonuria ketones in the urine
proteinuria protein in the urine
reagent strip (dipstick) chemical impregnated plastic strip used for analysis of the urine
urinalysis physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis fo urine
anticoagulant tube lavendar top
edta ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
light blue coagulant tube
Created by: amoodywife