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PRAXIS 053/Classific

Definitions and Classifications of Exceptionalities

QuestionAnswer
Autism A syndrome related to reurological function that is evidenced by deficits in social interactions, communications, and patterns of behavior; associated with pervasive developmental disorder, more currently referred to as autism spectrum disorders.
Visual Impairment Includes any impairment of vision (totally blind, functionally blind, and low vision) that, even with correction, adversely affects a students educational performance.
Deaf-Blindness Includes the combination of both auditory and visual disabilities that are the cause of severe communication deficits and other learning problems; individual may need a combination of supplementary assistance.
Traumatic Brain Injury An acquired injury to the brain caused by external physical force that results in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairments that adversely affects educational performance.
Emotional Disturbance/Behavioral Disorder This category refers to conditions that exhibit two or more of the following: an inability to learn, an inability to maintain relationships, or the exhibition of inappropriate behaviors, pervasive moods, or a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears
Speech Language Impairment Communication disorders that affect the educational performance in an adverse manner, including stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairments, or voice impairments. Most probability of being corrected through SPED and not having a lifelong effe
Hearing Impairment A condition that may adversely affect the educational performance of students and includes deafness and hard of hearing.
Specific Learning Disability This refers to a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language and may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do math.
Mental Retardation Defines an individual with significant subaverage general intellectual functioning concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior manifesting during the developmental period and adversely affecting performance.
Other Health Impairment Related to diseases or chronic health conditions a student with limited strength vitality, or alertness that adversely affects educational performance.
Multiple Disabilities A combination of concomitant impairments that causes severe educational conditions that cannot be accommodated in special education programs for only one disability.
Orthopedic Impairment A physical impairment, caused by such conditions as genetic anomalies, diseases, and trauma, which adversely affect a student’s educational performance.
Created by: pkooyman
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