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med-term 15h

bone, muscle, joint pathology

QuestionAnswer
Ewing sarcoma malignant - bone & soft tissue, usually kids
exostosis benign - bony growth
bunion swelling of metatarsophalangeal joint (base of big toe) build up soft tissue & bone
fracture traumatic breaking of bone
closed fracture broken no open wound in skin
open fracture compound, bone broken & fragment protrudes thru skin
pathologic fracture caused by disease of bone making it weak
crepitus crackling sound - bones rub against bone or rough cartilage
Colles fracture wrist
comminuted fracture crushed, splintered
compression fracture compressed, collapses (eg: vertebrae)
greenstick fracture break not all the way thru, usually kids because bones are pliable
impacted fracture bone drives into another bone (accidents)
reduction restore bone to normal > fracture
closed reduction cast w/o incision
open reduction incision to realign then cast (sometimes rods & screws)
cast solid mold of body part
ORIF OPEN REDUCTION/INTERNAL FIXATION (usually w rods, screws, plates & pins)
osteogenic sarcoma (osteosarcoma) malignant tumor from osteoblasts (new cells)
metastatic bone lesions malignant tumors from other parts of body (breast, lung, etc) that metastisize to bones
osteomalacia softening of bones (not enough calcium)
rickets infants & children - osteomalacia - not enough calcium & phosphorus
osteomyelitis infl of bonemarrow & muscle, hard to treat, abscesses form, antibiotics can't penetrate
osteoporosis thinning & weakening of bone, porous - worse than osteopenia
kyphosis loss of bone mass frm osteoporosis
talipes congenital abnormality of hindfoot - CLUBFOOT
ankylosing spondylitis chronic progressive arthritis of joints, primarily spine - bilateral hardening of joints
arthritis inflammation of joints
gouty arthritis (gout) to much uric acid (hyperuricemia)
osteosrthritis (OA) wearing away of bone - usually older patients
rheumatoid arthritis (RA) autoimmune, against joint tissue esp. synovial membrane
bony ankylosis found in RA - fibrous tissue forms & calcifies
pyrexia fever - symptom of RA
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) median nerve compressed passing b/w ligament, bones, and tendons of wrist
dislocation displacement of bone from joint
ganglion fluid filled cyst on tendon (usually hand)
herniation of intervertebral disk slipped disk
laminectomy surgical removal of portion of vertebral arch
diskecomy removal of all or part of protruding disk)
spinal fusion 2 vertbrae fused tog
chemonucleolysis disk dissolving enzyem injected into center of herniated disk to relieve pressure on compressed nerve or spinal cord
Lyme disease arthritis, myalgia and malaise, bacterium
sprain injury to ligament (knee, ankle, wrist)
strain overstretching muscle
HPN herniated nucleus pulpus
SLE autoimmune, joints, skin, kidneys, CNS, heart & lungs, butterfly
muscular dystrophy inherited, progressive weakness & degeneration of muscle w/o involvement of nervous syst
polymyositis chronic inflammatory myopathy, muscles ache on both sides, rash ~ eyes, face & limbs, probably autoimmune
Created by: gma.d