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Human Anatomy

Week 1 review

The gluteal region is ____ to the popliteal region. superior
The space that encloses the brain and spinal cord forms one continuous cavity called the ____ cavity. dorsal
The chest is ____ to the abdomen. superior
Which organ is not found in the ventral body cavity? spinal cord
Which branch of anatomy studies the structural changes that occur as one ages? developmental anatomy
As an anatomical region, lumbar refers to? the infero-medial aspect of the back
Muscles are ___ to the skin. deep
The body as a whole can be subdivided into 2 major divisions. They are? axial and appendicular
Popliteal region refers to ? the back of the knee
____ refers to an inner region of an organ whereas, _____ refers to an outer region or layer of an organ. medullary; cortical
The ______ system is involved in immunity. lymphatic
Regarding directional terms, superior means . towards the head
A frontal plane is the same as a _____ plane. coronal
The sternal region is _____ to the scapular region. anterior
An example of a tissue in the body is ? epithelium
Another name for the midsagittal plane is? median
All of the following are characteristics of human life except? synthesis by scientist
The brain is ______ to the skull. deep
The body as a whole can be subdivided into 2 major divisions. They are ? axial and appendicular
Which structure is located entirely within the right upper quadrant? Gallbladder
The inguinal region lies? where the thigh joins the trunk
The knee is ______ to the foot. proximal
The dorsal body cavity is subdivided into a cranial cavity and a spinal cavity. True or false true
Umbilical region refers to the ? belly button area
Anatomy is defined as the study of the ______ of a living organism. structure
The abdominopelvic cavity is subdivided into the ______ cavities. abdominal and pelvic
A coronal section through the human body can? pass through both ears
Physiology is defined as the study of the ______ of a living .organism function
The mental region refers to the base of the chin
The femoral region refers to the base of the thigh above the knee
What is the anatomical direction term that means nearer the surface superficial
A plane that runs through the body that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions is coronal
Which of the following is not one of the characteristics of life balance
If your reference point is " farthest from the trunk of the body" vs "nearest to the trunk of the body", where does the knee lie in relation to the ankle proximal
A plane that runs through the body that divides the body into right and left sides sagittal
From smallest to largest the levels of organization of the body are: chemical, organelle, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism
blood production is a function of which system skeletal
Which of the following does not describe anatomical position arms extended from the shoulders, palms up
An organ is one organizational level higher than an tissue
Several kinds of tissues working together are termed an organ
The smallest living units of structure and function in the body are cells
The gallbladder lies in the abdominal cavity
An x-ray technician has been asked to make x-ray films of the liver. Which of the abdominopelvic regions must be included right hypochondraic, epigastric, and left hypochondriac
Two major cavities of the human body are: ventral/dorsal
When many similar cells specialize to perform a certain function, it is referred to as a tissue
The number of abdominal regions is 9
The abdominopelvic cavity contains all of the following except the: heart
Molecules are: atoms combined to form larger chemical aggregates
A frontal section divides the body into ____ portions front and back
The structure that is called the "powerhouse" of the cell is the mitochondria
An organization of many similar cells that are specialized to perform a certain function is called a tissue
The abdominal quadrants are located with what structure as their midpoint umbilicus
The mediastinum does not contain the lung
The reproductive system does not include the ureter
The lungs are located in the: thoracic cavity
A surgeon removing a gallbladder should know to find it in the ____ region right hypochondriac
Mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, and endoplasmic reticulum are examples of: organelles
The plane that divides the body into upper and lower parts is the ___ plane transverse
What term describes a signal traveling toward a particular center or point of reference afferent
The normal reading or range is called the set point
which level of control operates at the cell level, often using genes and enzymes to regulate cell function intracellular
Because negative feedback control systems oppose changes that are opposition direction to the initial disturbance, they are slowed or maintained in the homeostatic range
Processes for maintaining or restoring homeostasis are known as Homeostatic control mechanisms
Which of the following is basic component of every feedback control loop sensor mechanism, integrating center, effector, feedback
The relatively constant state maintained by the body is known as homeostasis
Many complex processes of the body are coordinated at many levels, these include Intracellular, intrinsic, extrinsic
To accomplish self-regulation, a highly complex and integrated communication control system or network is required. This type of network is called Feedback control loop
The body naturally changes some set points to different values at different times of the day. These daily cycles are called circadian cycles
Events that lead to an immune response to an infection of the formation of a blood clot are examples of positive feedback
The impact of effector activity on sensors may be positive or negative. Therefore, homeostatic control mechanisms are categorized as Organs that are directly influenced by physiological variables or mechanisms
Local control or _____, intrinsic mechanisms often make use of chemical signals autoregulation
Effectors can be described as organs that directly influence controlled physiological variables
Extrinsic control usually involves which mode or regulation nervous, endocrine
The concept that information may flow ahead to another process to trigger a change in the anticipation of an event that will follow is called feed-forward
Shivering to try and raise your body temperature back to normal would be an example of The body trying to maintain homeostasis, a negative feedback mechanism
Pathogenesis can be defined as The course of disease development
Of the 11 major body systems, which is the least involved in maintaining homeostasis reporductive
Negative feedback control systems oppose a change
Intracellular parasites that consist of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat and sometimes by a liproprotein envelope are called viruses
Intrinsic control is sometimes called auto regulation
Which of the following may put one at risk for developing a given disease environment, stress, lifestyle
If the secretion of oxytocin during childbirth operated as negative feedback control loop, what effect would it have on uterine contractions oxytocin would inhibit uterine contractions
Of the pathogenic organisms, which of the following are the most complex tapeworms
Which of the following is a protein substance with no DNA or RNA and is thought to be the cause of mad cow disease prion
Pathogenesis can be defined as the course of disease development
Homeostasis can best be described as a state of relative constancy
which of the following is not one of the basic components in a feedback control loop transmitter
Negative feedback mechanisms minimize changes in blood glucose levels, maintain homeostasis, are responsible for an increased rate of sweating when air temperature is higher than body temp
postive feedback control systems accelerate a change
epidemiology is the study of the ______ of diseases in human populations occurence, distribution, and transmission
The body's thermostat is located in the hypothalamus
The contraction of the uterus during the birth of a baby is an example of positive feedback
The basic components of every feedback control loop are sensor, mechanism, integrating center, effector, feedback
Created by: chrisgolliher1
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