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CCNN Blood

The Human Body in Health and Illness Chap 15

QuestionAnswer
Measured as the hematocrit: thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
Requires erythropoietin for production thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
The reticulocyte is an immature cell of this type thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
Includes the neutrophil, eosinophil, and basophil thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes white blood cells
A deficiency causes petechiae and bleeding red blood cellsthrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes thrombocytes/platelets
Stickiness and plug both describe the functional role of this cell type thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes thrombocytes/platelets
Primarily concerned with infection thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes white blood cells
Contains the A and B antigens thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
Segs, polys, bands, and staff cells thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes white blood cells
Primarily concerned with the delivery of oxygen thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
Composed of granulocytes and agranulocytes thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes white blood cells
Engage in phagocytosis thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes white blood cells
A deficiency causes anemia thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
Its syntesis requires vitamin B12, iron and folic acid thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes red blood cells
Fragments of the magakaryocyte thrombocytes/platelets white blood cells/leukocytes or red blood cells/erythrocytes thrombocytes/platelets
A hepatic clotting factor; when activated it forms thrombin plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus prothombin
Drug that interferes with the hepatic utilization of vitamin K in the syntesis of prothrombin plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus warfarin/Coumadin
A blood clot plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus thrombus
Enzyme that dissolves clots ("clot busters") plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus plasmin
An anticoagulant that works by removing thrombin (antithrombin activity) plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus heparin
A clotting factor that is activated by the thrombin to form strands (clot) plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus fibrinogen
A drug that causes hpoprothrombinemia and a prolonged prothrombin time plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus warfarin/Coumadin
Antidote for Warfarin plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus vitamin K
A moving blood clot plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus embolus
Hemophilia is caused by a deficiency of this clotting factor plasmin fibrinogen heparin warfarin/Coumadin thrombus thrombin factor VIII prothrombin vitamin K embolus factor VIII
The blood cells that contain both the A antigen or the B antigen A B AB O AB
The universal blood recipient A B AB O AB
This blood type can receive type B and type A blood A B AB O AB
This blood type contains only anti-A antibodies A B AB O B
This blood type contains both anti-A and anti-B antibodies A B AB O O
This blood type has only anti-B antibodies A B AB O A
The universal blood donor A B AB O O
This is not characteristic of erythrocytes? stickiness, plug, and hemostasis (platelets)
What is released in response to low plasma levels of oxygen? erythropoietin
What is not true of of iron? binds irreversibly to oxygen
This causes cyanosis hypoxemia
What is the normal blood pH? 7.35 to 7.45
The anemia of chronic kidney disease is due to? a deficiency of erythropoietin
A deficiency of intrinsic factor decreases the absorption of vitamin B12 by the digestive tract
Sickle Cell Anemia is most likely to be characterized by what? severe pain, organ damage and hemolysis.
A person who has experienced undetected slow bleeding lesion in the stomach, what is he most likely to have? Iron Deficiency Anemia
This would least likely describe leukocytes? activates prothrombin
Neutrophils and monocytes engage in phgocytosis
A person who is chronically hypoxic (as in lung disease) is most likely to ? develop a secondary polycythemia
The terms microcytic and hypochromic are descriptive of? anemia
Rapid hemolysis causes? hyperbilirbinemia and jaundice
What condition is most likely to elevate the hematocrit? dehydration
The administration of warfarin/Coumadin inhibits the hepatic synthesis of prothrombin
Hypoprothrombinemia inhibits coagulation
A person taking Coumadin should avoid intake of spinach and broccoli because? contains lots of vitamin K, the antidote to coumadin therapy.
Activation plasminogen dissolves blood clots
Which characteristic of aspirin causes bleeding? antiplatelet
What is essential to fibrinolytic system? activation of plasminogen
Thrombocytopenia causes petechiae and bleeding
What is not part of vitamin K's function Does not require for intrinsic factor for its absorption of by the digestive tract
This is most likely to cause kernicterus? hemolysis and hyperbilirubinemia
What is the primary long term concern regarding kernicterus? brain damage
A newborn is jaundiced, he will be monitored for? blood levels of bilirubin
If type O (+) is given a transfusion with type A (-) blood, what is likely to happen? hemolytic reaction since the recipient blood contains anti-A antibodies
What mother-baby blood relationships are of concern? mom is AB(-) and baby is B(+)
If mistakenly given a unit of incompatible blood, what is the outcome for patient? hemolysis - break down of erythrocytes.
Created by: DebraF