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What, Where, Why hb

Human Body Organs

WhatWhereWhy
Liver Lies In the mid and right upper abdominal cavity, immediatly below the diaphragm. Tucked under the rib cage Makes Bile and plasma proteins and amino acids. Stores Glucose Vitamins A,D,E,and K. Excretes Cholesterol. Regulates blood glucose levels breaks down fats plays large role in detoxification of drugs
Lungs Located in the pleural cavities extend from just below the clavicles to the diaphragm. The right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two. take in Oxigen and eliminate CO2
Stomach Lies in the uppper part of the abdominal cavity under the diaphragm Secretes Gastric juice and Hormones some limited digestion of food. Some absorption of liquid, but not very much
Appendix A worm like structure attached to the cecum(the 1st part of large intestines) Contains Lymphocytes and is a source of immune cells
Spleen Located in the upper left quadrant of abdominal cavity just beneath the diaphragm Stores and filters blood also destroys red blood cells. Is the site for red blood cell reproduction before birth
Gallbladder Attached to the underside of the liver Functions to concentrate bile
Kidneys Located high on teh posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum Excrete waste, regulate blood volume, Play Large role in acid base balance. Play large role in regulation of blood pressure
Brain Located within the cranium Monitors and regulates the bodys actions and reactions. it continusly receives sensory information and rapidly analyzes this data and then responds controlling bodily actions and functions
Small Intestines Located centrally in the lower abdominal cavity Concerned primarily with chemical digestion and absorption of food
Large Intestines Located peripherally along the abdominal cavity. Extends from ileosecal valve to the anus. Its parts are the cecum, colon, rectum and the anal canal Absorbs water and electrolytes, Stores and eliminates waste
Pancreas The head lies in the duodenum Accesory organ of digestion. Secretes the most powerful digestive enzymes.
Heart Hollow muscular organ located within the mediastinum between the two lungs two thirds of the heart is located to the left of the midline of the sternum , and one third located to the right. Functions as a pump, the right side pumps blood to the lungs the left side pumps blood to the rest of the body.
Created by: cjsp2011