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MedTerm Chap 12

LOM Chapter 12 - Pathological Conditions

Hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide in blood
Bronchodilator drug that causes dilation of the opening of a bronchus
Cyanosis condition of blue skin
Nasogastric intubation feeding tube from nose to stomach
Orthopnea breathing is easier in the upright position
Pleural effusion accumulation of fluid in pleural cavity
Pneumothorax air accumulates in the pleural cavity causing lung to collapse
Atelectasis collapsed lung
Thoracotomy incision into chest wall
Tonsillectomy removal of tonsils
Auscultation listening to sounds within the body
Percussion tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
Stridor strained, high-pitched sound made on inspiration, associated with an obstruction
Wheezes whistling sounds heard when air is forced through a narrow space during breathing
Bronchiectasis chronic dilation of bronchus
Bronchogenic carcinoma cancerous tumors arising from a bronchus
Emphysema hyperinflamation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
Pneumoconiosis abnormal condition caused by dust accumulation in lungs
Anthracosis coal dust
Asbestosis asbestos particles
Silicosis silica or glass particles
Pneumonia inflammation or infection of alveoli which fills with pus
Pulmonary fibrosis scar tissue in the lungs
Sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause develop small nodules in lungs etc
Mesothelioma malignant tumor arising in the pleura associated with exposure to asbestos
Pleurisy inflammation of the pleura
Laryngoscopy visual examination of the voice box
Spirometer measures the volume and rate of air passing in and out of the lung
Created by: suprant