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Intro to med Term

Word Structure

a,an no, not, without, lack of
gland aden/o
ac pertaining to
auto- self
arthr/o joint, articulation
-al pertaining to
dia- complete, through
bi/o life
-algia pain
endo- within
carcin/o cancer
-ectomy excision
epi- upon, above
cardi/o heart
-tomy incision
ex, exo out, outer
cephal/o head
-emia blood condition
hyper- above, excessive
cerebr/o cerebrum
-genic producing
hypo- below, deficient
cis/o to cut
-gram record
in- in, into
crin/o secrete
-ic, ical pertaining to
peri- surrounding, around
cyst/o urinary bladder
-ion process
pro- before
cyt/o cell
-ist specialist
re- back, backward, agains
skin derm/o dermat/o
-itis inflammation
retro- behind
encephal/o brain
-logy study of
sub- below, under
enter/o small intestine
-oma mass, collection, tumor
trans- across, through
erythr/o red
-osis condition
gastr/o stomach
-pathy disease
glycos sugar
-scope instrument to view
gnos/o knowledge
-scopy visual examination
gynec/o female
-sis state of
hemat/o blood
-y process, condition
iatr/o treatment
electr/o electricity
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
psych/o mind
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect to cut back, remove
thromb/o clot
glycos/o sugar
hepat/o liver
ur/o urinary tract
Abnormally enlarged glands adenopathy
Less than normal red blood cell or hemoglobin count anemia
Joint pain arthralgia
Inflammation of a joint arthritis
Post mortem medical examination to establish cause of death and disease states present autopsy
Scientific study of all living organisms biology
Examination of living tissue under a microscope biopsy
Something capable of causing cancer carcinogenic
Cancer that arises from the covering or lining of an organ system carcinoma
Pertaining to the heart cardiac
Pertaining to the head cephalic
Inflammation of the urinary bladder cystitis
Process of identifying a disease by signs and symptoms diagnosis
Record of the electrical function of the heart electrocardiogram
Glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream endocrine glands
Fiberoptic instrument for examining visually the interior of a bodily canal or a hollow organ endoscope
Examining the interior of a body cavity or hollow organ with a fiberoptic instrument endoscopy
Inflammation of the small intestine enteritis
Outer layer of the skin epidermis
Mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues erythrocyte
Surgical removal excision
An externally secreting that releases its secretions directly or through a duct exocrine glands
Study of the digestive system gastroenterology
Study of the female reproductive system gynecology
Collection of blood in a cavity, organ or under the skin hematoma
The presence of an abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood hyperglycemia
Of or relating to the layer just beneath the epidermis; injected under the skin hypodermic
Unexpected side effect or complication resulting from the treatment for another condition iatrogenic
A cut into a body tissue or organ incision
Neoplastic diseases of the bone marrow in which unrestrained proliferation of white blood cells occurs leukemia
Blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; part of the body's defense system; white blood cell leukocyte
Abnormally large increase in the number of WBC’s in the blood, occurring during an acute infection leukocytosis
Of or relating to a nerve or the nervous system neural
Surgical excision of the kidney nephrectomy
Physician specializing in the study of the development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of tumors oncologist
An instrument for examining the interior structures of the eye ophthalmoscope
Joint disorder characterized by progressive cartilage deterioration; degenerative joint disease osteoarthritis
Disease causing organism pathogen
Of or relating to the medical care of children pediatric
Prediction of the outcome of a disease prognosis
Diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders and conditions psychiatry
Scientific study of the behavior and personality of an individual psychology
Branch of medicine concerned with the various forms of diagnostic and therapeutic radiation radiology
Of, relating to, or in the region of the kidneys renal
Surgical cutting back or removal of a body part or organ resection
Cancer of connective tissue, bone or cartilage sarcoma
Blood cell the helps control bleeding by causing clotting; platelet thrombocyte
Care and treatment of the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive tract urology
Created by: barbarabenson