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Endocrine Sys c16

endocrine glands

size of pea and master gland pituitary gland
produces and secretes anterior lobe
regulates growth growth hormone (GH)
stimulates the adrenal cortex andrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
stimulates the thyroid gland thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
affect the male and femal reproductive system gonadotropic hormones
regulate development, growth and function of ovaries and testes follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH)
produces milk prolactin or lactogenic hormone (PRL)
stimulates the kidney to reasbsor water antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
stores and release antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin posterior lobe
stimulates uterine contractions during nlabor oxytocin
secrets releasing hormone that functions to stimulate or inhibit the release of pituitary gland hormones hypothalamus
thyroid gland secretes the hormones triiodothyronine (T3), body cell metabolism thyroid gland
calicum in the blood parathyroid gland
insulin and glucagon islets or Langerhans
produces cortisol, pair glands, adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla adrenal glands or suprarenals
secreted by the adrenal cortex, helps increase glucose levels cortisol
secreted by the adrenal cortex, electrolystes aldosterone
deal with stress by increasing the blood pressure, heartbeat and respirations epinephrine, norepinephrine
hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex Addison disease
hypothryoidism cretinism
moon face cushing syndrome
disorder of carbohydrate metabolism diabetes mellitus (DM)
excessive thrist diabetes insipidus (DI)
enlargement of thyroid gland goiter
eyes bulge graves disease
muscle spasms tetany
nuclear medicine scan measures thyroid function radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU)
blood test perfomred after patient has fasted fasting blood sugar (FBS)
blood test that measures amount of thyroid stimulating hormone in blood thyroid stimulating hormone level
blood study that gives the direct measurement of the amount of thryoxine int he blood thyroxine level T4
sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in a living organism metabolism
Created by: Gadley