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Ch. 7 Skeletal

Skeletal System

QuestionAnswer
What are the functions of the skeletal system? Support, protection, muscle attachment and movement, blood production, store minerals
Which bones are used for protection? skull, pelvis, ribs, vertebrae, sternum
Which bones produce blood? skull, ribs, sternum, clavicles, vertebrae, pelvis, femur, humerous
What are osteocytes? Bone cells
What part of the skeleton consists of the skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, and thorax? Axial
What part of the skeleton consists of the pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, and lower limbs? Appendicular
Which vertebrae supports the skull? Atlas
Which vertebrae rotates the skull? Axis
Give an example of a fibrous joint. skull
Give an example of a cartilagenous joint. between vertebrae
Give an example of a ball and socket joint. hip or shoulder
Give an example of a condyloid joint. between metacarpals and phalanges
Give an example of a gliding joint. wrist
Give an example of a hinge joint. knee or elbow
Give and example of a pivot joint. between the radius and ulna
Give and example of a saddle joint. thumb
Which type of joint movement is the bending of parts at a joint to decrease the angle and bring the parts closer together? flexion
Which type of joint movement is the straightening of parts at a joint to increase the angle and move the parts away from each other? extension
Which type of joint movement is the movement at the ankle that brings the foot closer to the shin? dorsiflexion
Which type of joint movement is the movement at the ankle that brings the foot farther from the shin? plantar flexion
Which type of joint movement is the extension of the parts at a joint beyond the anatomical position that may result in injury? hyperextension
Which type of joint movement is the moving a part away from the midline? abduction
Which type of joint movement is moving a part towards the midline? adduction
Which type of joint movement is moving a part around an axis? rotation
Which type of joint movement is moving a part so that its end follows a circular path? circumduction
Which type of joint movement is turning the hand so that the palm is downward or facing posteriorly? pronation
Which type of joint movement is turning the hand so that the palm is upward or facing anteriorly? supination
Which type of joint movement is turning the foot so the plantar surface faces laterally? eversion
Which type of joint movement is turning the foot so the plantar surface faces medially? inversion
Which type of joint movement is moving a part backward? retraction
Which type of joint movement is moving a part forward? protraction
Which type of joint movement is raising a part? elevation
Which type of joint movement is lowering a part? depression
What are the classifications of bones? Long bones, short bones, irregular bones, flat bones, sesamoid bones.
What factors affect bone development, growth, and repair? Nutrition, hormones, and physical exercise.
What affect does prostate cancer have on the bones? Stimulates formation of new bone.
Created by: ebickley