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ch 19 med term cont

ch 19 cont

erythroblastosis fetalis a form of hemolytic anemia that occurs in neonates due to a maternal-fatal blood group incompatibility,involving the ABO grouping or the Rh factors.this is also known as hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)
hydrocephalus an abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain that causes the ventricles of the brain to dilate,resulting in an increased head circumference in the infant with open fontanel;congenital disorder
hydrocele an accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct,particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord
epispadias a congenital defect(birth defect)in which the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis at some point near the glans
hyaline membrane disease sever impairment of the function of respiration in the premature newborn.this condition is rarely present in a newborn of greater than 37 weeks gestation or in one weighing 5 pounds;aka; respiratory distress syndrome
gigantism a proportional overgrowth of the body's tissue due to the hypersecretion of the human growth hormone before puberty
esophageal atresia a congenital abnormality of the esophagus due to its ending before it reaches the stomach either as a blind pouch or as a fistula connected to the trachea
dwarfism generalized growth retardation of the body due to the deficiency of the human growth hormone;also known as congenital hypopituitarism or hypopititarism
Down syndrome a congenital condition characterized by multiple defects and varying degrees of mental retardation
intussusception telescoping of a portion of proximal intestine into distal intestine (usually in the ileocecal region),causing an obstruction
hypospadias a congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end
Reye's syndrome a syndrome marked by sever edema of the brain & increased intracranial pressure,hypoglycemia & fatty infiltration & dysfunction of the liver
phimosis a tightness of the foreskin(prepuce)of the penis of the male infant that prevents it form being pulled back.Opening of the foreskin narrows due to the tightness and may cause some difficulty with urination
patent ductus arteriosous an abnomral opening between the pulmonary artery & the aorta caused by failure of the fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth.this defect is seen primarily in premature infants
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) the completely unexpected ad unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well infant.SIDS is also known as "crib death"
Tay-Sachs disease a congenital disorder caused by altered lipid metabolism due to an enzyme deficiency
tetralogy of Fallot a congenital heart anomaly that consits of 4 defects;pulmonary stenosis,intreventricular septal defect,dextropostion of the aorta so that it receives blood from both ventricles,& hypertrophy of the right ventricle
spina bifida occulta a congential defect of the central nervous system in which the back portion of one or more vertebrae is not closed.a dimpling over the area may occur
shaken baby syndrome (SBS) a serious form of child abuse that describes a group of unique symptoms resulting from repetitive violent shaking
umbilical hernia an outward protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus
transpostion of the great vessels a condition in which the two major arteries of the heart are reversed in position resulting in two noncommunicating circulatory systems
heel puncture a method of obtaining a blood sample from a newborn or premature infant by making a shallow puncture of the lateral or medial area of the plantar surface of the heel; also called a "heel stick"
pediatric urine collection a urine specimen may be requested as part of an infants physical examination to determine the presence of a pathologic condition
Created by: Courtne