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med-term 2

medical terminology ch 2

karyotype picture of chromosomes in nucleus
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
mitochondria - chemical process catabolism
endoplasmic reticulum (ER) - mfg process anabolism
catabolism breaking down food to release energy
anabolism linking sm proteins (amino acids) to make larger proteins - helps grow new cells
metabolism catabolism + anabolism
genes regions of DNA w/in each chromosome
muscle cell long, slender; contracts & relaxes
epithelial cell square, flat; skin & lining of internal organs
nerve cell long with fibrous extensions; carry (conducts) impulses
fat cell large, empty space; fat storage
9 systems digestive; urinary (excretory); respiratory; reproductive; endocrine; nervous; circulatory; musculoskeletal; skin & sense organs
digestive system mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
urinary (excretory) system kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
respiratory system nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tube, lungs
reproductive system female- ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glandsmale - testes & assoc tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
endocrine system thyroid gland, pituitary gland, sex glands(ovaries & testes), adrenal glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans), parathyroid glands
nervous system brain, spinal cord, nerves and collections of nerves
circulatory system heart; blood vessels; (veins, venules, capillaries, arterioles, arteries) lymphatic vessels & nodes; spleen; thymus gland
musculoskeletal system muscles, bones & joints
skin & sense organs system skin; hair; nails; sweat flands; sebaceous (oil)glands; eye; ear; nose; tongue
Created by: gma.d