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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Adolescence; Psychology

initiation rites ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to a new status or accepted into a new position
menarche the first menstrual period
spermarche period during which males achieve first ejaculation
asynchrony the condition during adolescence in which growth or maturation of bodily parts is uneven
rationalization a process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or her self-esteem
Identity Crisis a period of inner conflict during which adolescences worry intensely about who they are
social learning theory Bandura`s view of human development; emphasizes interaction
clique a small, exclusive group of people within a larger group
Conformity acting in accordance with some specified authority
Anorexia Nervosa a serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that result in prolonged self-starvation and dramatic weight loss
gender identity the sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual belongs
Gender Role the set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex
Gender Stereotype an over simplified or distorted generalization about the characteristics of men and women
Androgynous combining or confusing traditionally male and female characteristics
Gender Schema a set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave
autonomy ability to take care of oneself and make one's own decision
developmental friendship friends force one another to reexamine their basic assumptions and perhaps adopt new ideas and beliefs
resynthesis combining old ideas with new ones and reorganizing feelings in order to renew one's identity
comparable worth the concept that women and men should receive equal pay for jobs calling for comparable skill and responsibility
encounter to come upon or meet with, especially unexpectedly
intense to an extreme degree
role a part played by a person
gender relating to a persons's sex, male or female
hierarchy the classification of a group of people according to ability or to economic or social standing
phenomenon an observable event
authority a person who is in command or in charge
unique limited to a particular thing or person
physical of or relating to a body
conform to act in accordance with prevailing standards or customs
Created by: sh220658
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