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Cervical Spine

Muscle Tests

QuestionAnswer
Sternocleidomastoid (Sternal Fibers) Flex 45--Rotate Opp 45--Chin out (Extend head on neck in sagittal plane)
Sternocleidomastoid (Clavicular Fibers) Flex 45--Rotate Opp 45--Chin Out (Extend neck on trunk obliquely toward opp ear)
Scalenes (Anterior) Flex 45--Rotate Opp 20--Chin out (Extend neck on trunk in sagittal plane)
Scalenes (Middle) Flex 45--Rotate opp 20--Chin out (Extend & laterally flex neck on trunk obliquely
Scalenes (Posterior) Flex 45--Rotate Opp 20--Sidebend--Chin Out (Laterally flex neck on trunk in plane of table)
Longus Capitus Flex 45--Rotate Opp 20--Chin In (Extend head on neck thru sagittal plane in cocking motion)
Longus Colli (Superior Oblique Fibers) Full Opp Rotation--Flex 45--Chin Out (Extend neck on trunk thru sagittal plane)
Longus Colli (Vertical Fibers) Full Opp Rotation--Flex 25--Chin Out (Extend neck on trunk thru sagittal plane)
Longus Colli (Inferior Oblique Fibers) Full Opp Rotation-- Flex 5--Chin Out (Extend head on neck thru sagittal plane)
Semispinalis Capitis Extend 20--Rotate Opp 20--Chin Out (Flex head on neck in plane of head; "uncock")
Semispinalis Cervicis Extend 20--Rotate Opp 20--Chin In (Flex neck on trunk thru plane of head)
Splenius Capitis Extend 45--Rotate 45--Chin Out (Flex head on neck in sagittal plane thru cocking motion)
Splenius Cervicis Extend 45--Rotate 45--Chin In (Flex neck on trunk in sagittal plane)
Longissimus Capitis Full Extension--Full Rotation--Chin Out (Flex head on neck through sagittal plane)
Longissimus Cervicis Full Extension--Full Rotation--Chin In (Flex neck on trunk thru sagittal plane)
Multifidus Cervicis Full Opp Rotation--Extend same side (Laterally flex neck thru coronal plane)
Obliques Capitis Superior Full Flex--Full Opp Rotation--Chin out (Extend head obliquely toward opp ear)
Obliques Capitis Inferior Full Flex--Full Rotation--Chin In (Counter-rotate)
Rectus Capitis Posterior Major Full Flex--Rotate 45--Chin Out (Counter-rotate)
Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor Full Flex--Slight rotation--Chin Out (Flex head on neck in sagittal plane)
Rectus Capitis Anterior Full Flex--Opp Rotation 45--Chin In (Extend head on neck thru sagittal plane--"uncock")
Rectus Capitis Lateralis Capital Sidbend ("Un-SB")
Mylohyoid Full Flex--Slight Opp Rotation--Teeth clenched/Tongue on roof of mouth--Chin In (Extend head on neck thru sagittal plane--"un-cock")
Sternohyoid Full Flex--Slight Opp Rot--Chin Out--Teeth clenched/Tongue on roof of mouth (Extend neck on trunk thru sagittal plane)
Omohyoid Full Flex--Opp Rot 20--Chin Out--Shrug shoulder--Teeth clenched/Tongue on roof of mouth (Lat flex neck on trunk thro oblique plane)