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PLATT CH19 BODY

MR UTT'S BODY STRUCTURE

QuestionAnswer
TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUE? SMOOTH, CARDIAC, SKELETAL
BLOOD IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE? CONNECTIVE TISSUE
SMOOTH MUSCLES ARE FOUND WHERE? INTERNAL ORGANS
CARDIAC MUSCLES ARE FOUND WHERE? THE HEART ONLY
SKELETAL MUSCLES ARE FOUND WHERE? SKELETON, AND ASSIST WITH VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM NETWORK OF TUBULES THROUGH THE NUCLEUS AND CYTOPLASM.
GOLGI APPARATUS A SERIES OF FLAT, MEMBRANOUS SACS. IT SECRETES SUBSTANCES SUCH AS MUCUS
CENTRIOLES ARE TO ORGANIZE THE SPINDLE FIBERS DURING CELL DIVISION. CENTRIOLES ARE NECESSARY FOR MITOSIS
PHASES OF MITOSIS PROPHASE, METAPHASE, ANAPHASE, TELOPHASE
PROHASE THE NUCLEUS MEMBRANE DISAPEARS.
METAPHASE SPINDLE FIBERS ALIGN THE CHROMOSOMES ALONG THE MIDDLE OF THE CELL NUCLEUS.
ANAPHASE OCCURES WHEN THE PAIRED CHROMOSOMES SEPARATE AT THE KENETOCHORES AND MOVE TO OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE CELL.
TELOPHASE CHROMOSOMES ARRIVE AT OPPOSITE POLES OF THE CELL, A NEW MEMBRANE FORMS AROUND THE NUCLEI.
SUPERIOR OR CRANIAL TOWARD THE HEAD END OF THE BODY; UPPER
INFERIOR OR CAUDAL AWAY FROM THE HEAD; LOWER
ANTERIOR OR VENTRAL FRONT
POSTERIOR OR DORSAL BACK
MEDIAL TOWARDS THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
LATERAL AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
PROXIMAL TOWARD OR NEAREST THE TRUNK OR THE POINT OF ORIGIN
DISTAL AWAY FROM OR FARTHEST FROM THE TRUNK OR POINT OF ORIGIN.
CORONAL PLANE (FRONTAL PLANE) A VERTICAL PLANE RUNNING FROM SIDE TO SIDE.
SAGITTAL PLANE (MEDIAN PLANE) A VERTICAL PLANE RUNNING FROM FRONT TO BACK.
AXIAL PLANE (TRANSVERSE PLANE) A HORIZONTAL PLANE; DIVIDES THE BODY OR ANY PARTS INTO UPPER AND LOWER PARTS.
MAIN CAVITIES VENTRAL AND DORSAL CAVITIES
SUB CAVITIES THORACIC AND ABDOMINOPELVIC
THORACIC CAVITY CONTAINS HEART, LUNGS, TRACHEA, ESOPHAGUS, LARGE BLOOD VESSELS AND NERVES.
ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY CONTAINS GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, KIDNEYS ADRENAL GLANDS, UROGENITAL SYSTEM, RECTUM
DORAL CAVITY UPPER PORTION, CRANIAL(BRAIN). LOWER PORTION (SPINAL CORD)
ABDOMINAL REGIONS RIGHT AND LEFT HYPOCHONDRIACE, RIGHT AND LEFT LUMBAR, RIGHT AND LEFT ILIAC, EPIGASTRIC, UMBILICAL, HYPOGASTRIC.
ABDOMINAL QUADRANTS RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
PERICARDIAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE HEART
ANTECUBITAL BEND OF THE ELBOW
AXILLARY ARMPIT
BUCCAL CHEEK
CERVICAL NECK
DELTOID SHOULDER
FEMORAL THIGH
GULTEAL BUTTOCKS
HEPATIC LIVER
LUMBAR LOWER BACK
OCCIPITAL BACK OF HEAD
PATELLAR KNEECAP
POPLITEAL BEHIND THE KNEE
PULMONARY LUNGS
RENAL KIDNEY
SURAL CALF OF THE LEG
THORACIC CHEST
VOLAR(PALMER) PALM OF HAND
DIFFUSION THE MOVEMENT OF DISSOLVED PARTICLES FROM AN AREA OF GREATER CONCENTRATION TO AN AREA LESSER CONCENTRATION.
OSMOSIS A TYPE OF DIFFUSION IN WHICH WATER IS PULLED THROUGH A SEMIPERMEABLE MEMBRANE.
FILTRATION DISSOVED PARTICLES ARE DIFFUSED THROUGH MEMBRANES BUY ONLY MECHANICAL PRESSURE IS REQUIRED.
PHAGOCYTOSIS THE CELL ENGULFS A SOLID PARTICLE
PINOCYTOSIS THE CELL DRINKS THE FLUID REQUIRED.
HEREDITY THE GENETIC TRANSMISSION FROM PARENT TO CHILD
ALBINISM DISORDER; A RECESSIVE GENE MUTAITION THAT CAUSES LACK OF PIGMENT IN THE SKIN, HAIR, AND EYES.
ATTENTION DIFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER(ADHD) DISEASE: A PERSON WHO HAS DIFFICULTY ORGANIZING AND COMPLETING A TASK.
CLEFT PALLET DISORDER: DEFECT IN THE ROOF OF THE MOUTH THAT OCCURES WHEN THE PALATINE BONE DOES NOT CLOSE PROPERLY.
COLOR DIFICIENCY DISORDER; COLOR BLINDNESS
CYSTIC FIBROSIS DISEASE; MUCUS THAT BECOMES THICK, DRY AND STICKY. CLOGGING PASSAGES IN MANY OF THE BODYS ORGANS.
DOWNS SYNDROME DISORDER; CAUSE BY A PERSON WITH AND EXTRA CHROMOSOME.
FRAGILE X SYNDROME DISORDER; KNOWN AS MARTIN-BELL OR MARKER X SYNDROME. IS THE MOST COMMON FORM OF MENTAL RETARDATION.
HEMOCHROMATOSIS DISORDER; EFFECTS THE BODYS ACCUMULATION OF IRON.
HEMOPHILIA DISORDER; IN WHICH THE BLOOD COAGULATION TIME IS GREATLY INCREASED.
KLINEFELTER'S SYNDROME DISORDER; TESTICULAR FAILURE OCCURES THAT IS NOT EVIDENT UNTIL PUBERTY. TESTES ARE SMALL AND FIRM. ABNORMALLY LONG LEGS.
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY DISEASE; GRADUAL ATROPHY AND WEAKENING OF THE MUSCLE.
PHENYLKETONURIA (PKU) DISORDER; RECESSIVE GEN MUTATION. UNABLE TO OXIDIZE AN AMINO ACID. MENTAL RETARDATION OCCURS DUE TO BRAIN DAMAGE.
SICKLE CELL ANEMIA DISORDER; RED BLOOD CELLS ARE SICKLE SHAPE, LIMITS OXIGEN TRANSPORTATION AND CAN CLOG SMALL CAPILLARIES.
SPINA BIFIDA DISORDER; POSTERIOR VERTEBRAL ARCH HAS A DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALY.
TALIPES (CLUBFOOT) DISORDER; DEFORMITY OF THE FOOT
TAY-SACHS DISEASE (TSD) DISORDER; A BABY WILL STOP MOVING AND SMILING AND BECOME PARALYZED, AND EVENTUALLY DIE.
TURNER'S SYNDROME DISORDER; FAILURE OF THE OVARIES TO RESPOND TO THE STIMULATION OF THE PITUITARY GLANDS. USUALLY HAVE A SHORT STATURE.
Created by: jimutt68