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Neuro for Comm

Basic Terminologies in Neuroscience

What are 4 main functional subdivision? locomotor (musculoskeletal), viscera, skin, and nervous system (CNS, PNS, sensory organs)
What is the structural design of the human body from top to bottom? head, neck, trunk (thorax, abdomen, pelvis), upper limb, and lower limb
Cranial/Rostral (directed towards the head) Caudal (directed towards the tail and beyond)
Posterior (directed towards back of body) Anterior (directed towards front of body)
Dorsal (directed towards the back) Ventral (directed towards the belly)
Superior (directed towards the head end of body, upper) Inferior (directed away from head, lower)
Lateral (directed away from midline) Medial (directed towards midline)
Peripheral (directed away from center of body or body part) Central (directed towards center or center of body part)
Superficial (closer towards the surface of the body) Deep (farther from the surface of the body)
External (towards the surface) Internal (away from surface)
Apical (towards surface) Basal (towards base)
Proximal (closer towards torso) Distal (further from torso)
Basilar head location base of skull
Sagittal plane location split body into left and right sides (think of hairline)
Coronal plane location split body into front and back (think coronal suture)
Transverse plane location split body into top and bottom (think of saw magic trick)
Sagittal plane has what axis? transverse axis
Coronal plane has what axis? sagittal axis
Transverse plane has what axis? longitudinal/vertical axis
Created by: sshipman
Popular Neuroscience sets




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