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chater 15 notes musc

QuestionAnswer
MD DOCTOR OF MEDICINE
DO DOCTOR OF OSTEOPATHY
BMD BONE MINERAL DENSITY
DEXA DUAL ENGERY X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY
FDA U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
IU INTERNATIONAL UNIT(S)
Fx FRACTURE
CLOSED FRACTURE A BONE IS BROKEN, BUT THE SKIN IS NOT BROKEN
OPEN FRACTURE A FRAGMENT OF THE FRACTURED BONE BREAKS THUR THE SKIN, OR WHEN A WOUND EXTENDS TO THE SITE OF THE FRACTURE
GREEN STICK(CLOSED) PARTIAL FREACTURE, ONE SIDE BREAKS,THE OTHER BENDS
DJD DEGENERATIVE JOINT DIEASE
MCP META CARPO PHALANGEAL
OA OSTEO ARTHRITIS
PIP PROXIMAL INTER PHALANGEAL
THR TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT
RA RHEUMATOID ARTHR ITIS
T.I.D THREE TIMES A DAY
DMD DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
NSAID NON-STEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUG
PCP PHENCYCLIDINE (ANGEL DUST)
R.I.C.E REST ICE COMPRESSION ELEVATION
PT PHYSIOTHERAPY
JRA JUVENILE RHEUMATOID ARTHR ITIS
SI SACROILLIAC
ACL ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
PCL POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
TMJ TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
FOUR COMPONENTS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM BONES,CARTILAGE,TENDONS,LIGAMENTS
CHRIO PRACT IC DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT,AND PREVENTION OF MECHANICAL DISORDERS OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
CHRIO HAND
PRACT EFFICIENT
IC PERTAINING TO
OR A DOER
DE TOXI FICATION REMOVE POSION FROM A TISSUE OR SUBSTANCE
DE FROM, OUT OF
TOXI POSION
FICATION REMOVE
MUSCLE, MUSCULOSKELETAL A TISSUE CONSISTING OF CONTRACTILE CELLS PERTAINING TO THE MUSCLES AN D THE BONY SKELETON
MUSCLE LATIN MUSCLE
MUSCUL/O MUSCLE
SKELET SKELETON
AL PERTAINING TO
ORTHOPEDIC PERTAINING TO THE CORRECTION AND CURE OF DEFORMITIES AND DISEASES OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
PATHY DISEASE
UM TISSUE, STRUCTURE
END WITHIN
EPI UPON, ABOVE
AL PERTAINING TO
META BEYOND,MAKING CHANGE AFTER,TRANSITION
BLAST EMBRYO
CLAST BREAKDOWN
CYTE CELL
GENESIS CREATION
OSIS CONDITION
PERI AROUND
A WITHOUT, INTO
PLASIA FORMATION
MALACIA SOFTNESS
ITIS INFLAMMATION
PENIA DEFICIENT
OMA TUMOR,MASS
MENT RESULTING STATE
ION PROCESS, CONDITION
MAL BAD
RE BACKWARD
URE RESULT OF
ED PERTAINING TO
DIS APART, AWAY
IM IN
IN IN, SUBSTANCE,NOT
AR PERTAINING TO
TRANS ACROSS
ATION PROCESS,BEING
OSIS CONDITION
SYN TOGETHER
AB AWAY FROM
ION PROCESS, ACTION
AD TOWARD
CIRCUM AROUND
CENTESIS TO PUNCTURE
DESIS BIND TOGETHER
PLASTY REPAIR
SCOPY EXAMINE
SCOPE INSTURMENT
ITIS INFLAMMATION
IVE QUALITY OF
INTER BETWEEN
RHEUMAT RHEUMATISM
AR PERTAINING TO
HYPER EXCESSIVE
CON WITH TOGETHER
ALGIA PAIN
POLY MANY
ICA PERTAINING TO
ARY PERTAINING TO
DYS BAD,DIFFICULT
LYSIS BREAK DOWN,DISSOLVE
ECTOMY SURGICAL EXCISION
OID RESEMBLING
ALIS PERTAINING TO
OR ONE WHO
SUB UNDER,SLIGHTLY
LUXAT DISLOCATE
BI TWO
IS BELONGING TO
IMUS MOST
TRI THREE
OTOMY INCISION
ECTOMY EXCISION
HYPO BELOW, SMALLER
URE PROCESS
ITY CONDITION
DE CHANGE OF
IC PERTAINING TO
AC PERTAINING TO
CO TOGETHER
QUADRI FOUR
IS BELONGING TO
ALLO DIFFERENT
AUTO SELF,SANE
MENT ACTION
HETERO DIFFERENT
PRE BEFORE, INFRONT OF
IUS PERTAINING TO
IARTY TREATMENT
IATRIST PRACTITIONER
ENDOSTEUM A MEMBRANE OF TISSUE LINING THE INNER(MEDULLARY) CAVITY OF A LONG BONE
EPI PHYSIS EXPANDED AREA AT THE PROXIMAL AND DISTAL ENDS OF A LONG BONE TO PROVIDE INCREASED SURFACE AREA FOR ATTACHMENT OF LIGAMENTS AND TENDONS
EPI PHYSEAL PLATE LAYER OF CARTILIAGE BETWEEN EPIPHYSIS AND METAPHYSIS WHERE BONE GROWTH OCCURS
META PHYSIS REGION BETWEEN THE DIAPHYSIS AND THE EPIPHYSIS WHERE BONE GROWTH OCCURS
OSTEO BLAST BONE FORMING
OSTEO CLAST BONE REMOVING CELL
OSTEO CYTE BONE MAINTAINING CELL
OSTEO GENESIS OSTEOGENIC(ADJ) CREATION OF NEW BONE
OSTEO POROSIS CONDITION IN WHICH THE BONES BECOME MORE POROUS, BRITTLE,FRAGILE, AND MORE LIKELY TO FRACTURE.
PERIOSTEUM, PERIOSTEAL(ADJ) STRONG MEMBRANE SURROUNDING A BONE
ACHONDROPLASIA CONDITION WITH ABNORMAL CONVERSION OF CARTILAGE INTO BONE,LEADING TO DWARFISM
OSTEO GENESIS IMPERFECTA INHERITED CONDITION WHEN BONE FORMATION IS INCOMPLETE, LEADING TO FRAGILE, EASILY BROKEN BONES.
OSTEO MALACIA SOFT, FLEXIBLE,BONES LACKING IN CALCIUM(RICKETS)
OSTEO MYELITIS INFLAMMATION OF BONE TISSUE
osteo penia decreased calcification of bone
sarcoma a malignmant turmor orignating in connective tissue
osteo genic sarcoma malignmant turmor orignating in bone producing cells
alignment having a structure in its correct position relative to other structures
hemat oma collection of blood that has escaped from the blood vessels into tissue
mal un ion when the two bony ends of the fracture fail to heal together correctly
non un ion total failure of healing of a facture
re duct ion restore a structure to its normal position
comminuted fracture a fracture in which the bone is broken into pieces
complete fracture a bone is fractured into two separted pieces
dis placed fracture a fracture in which thr fragments are separted and are not in alignment
compress ion fracture of a vertebra causing loss of height of the vertebra
hairline fracture a fracture without separation of the fragments
im pact ed fracture a fracture in which one bone fragment is driven into the other
in complete fracture a fracture that does not extend across the bone, as in a hairline facture
line ar fracture a fracture running parallel to the length of the bone
oblique fracture a diagonal fracture across the long axis of the bone
spiral fracture a fracture in the shape of a coil
trans verse fractre a fracture perpendicular to the long axis of the bone
pathologic fracture occurs in an area of bone weakenedby diease(such as cancer)
TMJ temporo mandibul ar joint
temporo mandibul ar joint the joint between the temporal bone and the mandible
mg millogram
mri magentic reasoning image
c5-c6 cervical column
rom range of motion
cranium also know as the braincase protects the brain from inhury it serves as the frame work for the head.
maxilla jawbone it is somewhat pyramidal in shape and has a large cavity called the maxillay sinus.
mandible froms the lower jawbone mandible is the largest and th strongest facial bone.
cervical vertebra are located at te back of the neck region. There are 7 cervical vertebra. atlas is the first cervical vertebra.
clavicle (collar bone) clavicle is a slender rod shaped located in the collar region.
humerus is located in the upper arm. The head of the humerus fits into the glenoid cavity of the pectoral girdle to form a ball and socket joint.
sternum(breast bone) is located at the center of the thorax ie the chest. it is a dagger shaped bone that along with the ribs forms the rib cage.
rib there are 12 pairs of ribs. the last pair of ribs is called as the floating rib because they are not attached to the sternum.
radius radius is the bone located at the laterial side of the forearm. it extends from the elbow to the wrist. radius along with ulna constitutes the forearm.
Ulna ulna is the bone in the forearm that is aligned with the little finger. ulna along with Radius constitutes the forearm.
pelvic gridle (hip bone) pelvic gridle is a bony ring located at the base of the spine. it is composed of 2 hip bones which support the lower limbs.
coccyx (tailbone) there are 4 caudal vertebrae at the end of the vertebral column. Caudal vertbrae are separate at birth, but in the later years they fuse together to form oe single bone called coccyx (respresenting the remnant of tail).
carpals (wrist bones) carpals are located in the wrist region. there are 8 nodule-like bones called carpals in the wrist region.
metacarpals metacarpals are 5 small rod-shaped bones located in the palm region.
phalanges there are 14 phalanges in the fingers. The thumb has 2 phalanges whereas other fingers have 3 phalanges each.
femur (thigh bone) femur is located in the thigh region. the head of the femur into the acetabulum of the pelvic gridle to form a ball and socket joint. It is the longest and the heaviest bone. it supports the weight of the body.
patella (kneecap) patella is located in front of the knee joint. it is commonly known as the kneecap. it protects and covers the knee joint.
fibula fibula is located in the shin region of the leg. tibia along with fibula constitutes the lower leg
tibia tibia is located in the shin region of the leg. tibia along with the fibula constitutes the lower leg. tibia is the larger of the two bones.
tarsals there are 7 bones in the ankle. calcaneus is the largest tarsal bone which constitutes the heel.
meta tarsals meta tarsals are 5 long rod-shaped bones. they are located between the tarsals and the phalanges. metacarpals of hand are analogous to metacarpals of hand are analogous to metatarsals of foot.
phalanges there are 14 phalanges in the toes. the big toe has two phalanges whereas other toes have three phalanges each.
Created by: dildayr