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Chap4ap

tissues

QuestionAnswer
form the secretory products and discharge it by exocytosis merocrine glands
accumulate secretary prod. at the apical surface of the secreting cell apocrine glands
accumulate the secretory product in cytosol holocrine glands
fibroblasts secrete what fibers and matrix
macrophages dev. from monocytes
engulf bacteria and debria by phagocytosis macrophages
_____cells develop from B lymphocyes Plasma
_____ cells produce histamine that dilate small blood vessels mast
synthezied by ribosomes on rough ER, processed by golgi and released by cell though secretory vessels via exocytosis Merocrine glands
found in loose and dense connective tissue fibroblasts
in bone and cartilage cells will mature and become condrocytes and ostocytes
adipose is found where around heart and kidney
macrophages are found lungs and spleen
develop from type of WBC called B lymphocyte. secrete antibodies that attack or neutralize foreign substances platelet cells
platelet cells found where gastrointestional and resp. tract, lymph nodes, salivary glands, spleen, red bone marrow
extracellular matrix consists of two major components ground substance and fibers
component of connective tissue b/t cells and fibers ground substance
help transport water to make ground sub. more jelly like GAG
viscous slippery sub. that binds cells together, lubes joints and helps maintain shape of eyeball hyalurnic acid
pro. support and adhesiveness in cartilage, skin, bone and blood vessels condratin sulfate
resp. for linking components of the ground substance to one another and to surfaces of cells adhesive proteins
main adhesion protein of connective tissue- binds to collagen fibers and ground substances fibronectin
resist pulling forces, but are not stiff which allows felx. collagen fibers
collagen fibers found? bone cartilage tendons and ligaments
elastic fiber found? skin, bv, lung tissue
consist of collagen arranged in fine bundles with coating of glycoprotein reticular fiber
produced by fibroblasts reticular fibers
reticular fibers found? soft spots on organs; spleen, lymph nodes
contains numerous, thicker, dense fibers, but fewer cells then loose connective dense connective tissue
bundles of collagen fibers are regularly arranged in parallel patterns that provide tissue with great strengh. withstands pulling along axis of fibers dense regular connective
dense reg. connective found where? tendons and ligaments
dense irregular found? dermis of skin, fibrous pericardium around heart, perichondrium and periosteum
resilience in cartilage is due to? condrotin sulfate
covering of dense irregular tissue is called? perichondrium
the outer layer of pericondrium consists of? collagen fibers, BV, and fibroblats
inner layer of pericondrium cells in cartilage growth
hyaline cartilage contains ______ shell as ground substance resilient
in hyaline cart. condrocytes are found in where? lacunae
concentric rings of extracellular matrix that consists of mineral salts giving the bone its hardness responsible for compact nature lamellae
small spaces between lamellae that contain mature bond cells called ostocytes lacunae
project from lacunae, networks of mintue canals containing process of ostocytes canaliculi
contains blood vessels and nerves central canal
spongy bone consists of columns of bone called trabeculae
space between trabeculae is filled with red bone marrow
layer of serous membrane attached to and lining cavity wall parietal layer
layer that covers and adheres to organs within the cavity visceral
_____ ______ secretes serous fluid simple squamous
covers entire surface of body; epidermis/dermis cutaneous membrane
synovial membrna are composed of synoviocytes
_____ brance off of the cell body and are major recieving/ input porting of cell dendrites
do not generate or conduct nerve impulses neuroglia
condrocytes divide and form new matrix; increase in length interstital growth (childhood and adolence)
condroblasts secrete matrix onto surface; increase in width appositional growth
bone consisits of a matrix containing mineral salts and collagenous fibers and cells called ostocytes
reticular fibers composed of collagen and glycoprotein
3 types of loose connective tissue areolar, adipose, reticular
in areolar connective name 3 types of cells fibroblats, plasma cells, macrophages and mast cells
helps bind together the cells of smooth muscle reticular connective tiusse
consists of a dense network of collagen fibers and elastic fibers embedded in condroitin sulfate cartilage
lacks pericondrium fibrocartilage
pericondrium is present elastic cartilage
maintains the shape of certian organs elastic cartilage
in compact bone the basic unit of structure is osteon (Haversain system)
im lamellae what gives it its hardness calcium and phosphate
are flat sheets of pliable tissue that cover or line a part of the body membranes
line joints and contain only connective tissue snovial membranes
consists of an epitheial layer and an underlying connective tissue layer(lamina propia) epithelial membranes
lines cavities that open to exterior muscous; mouth, stomach, vagina, urethra, respirtatory
connective tissue later of a mucous membrane is called lamina propria
nerve cells neurons
protective and supporting cells neuroglia
neurons and muscle fibers are excitable cells; they show electrical excitablity
replaced by the divison of stem cells or by divison of undifferentiated cells epithelial
have a poor capactiy for renewal muscle cells
poorest capacity for renewal nervous tissue
process of scar formation fibrosis
Created by: Mollie28