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anatomy test

Mitochondria power house of the cell
sagittal cuts the body vertically into left and right pieces
organism all the body systems make up an organism
superficial close to the body surface
tissue composed of similar types of cells and performs a specific function
rough ER covered with ribosomes; site of protein synthesis
lateral away from the middle
cell wall rigid, protective barrier (maintains cell shape)
columar cell with a high surface area to volume ratio as a result of finger-like projections on the surface (microvilli).
Distal farther from the trunk or attachment point
Transverse Divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Nervous tissue Supporting cells and connective tissue containing blood vessels may be associated with the neurons.
Skeletal system protects body parts, produce blood cells, stores calcium & phosphorus salts
Prone Body laying face down
Coronal Divides body into anterior and posterior sections
Negative feedback returns a variable back to a the set point
Stratified two or more layers
Ribosomes a minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins found in large numbers in the cytoplasm of living cells. They bind messenger RNA and transfer RNA to synthesize polypeptides and proteins.
Organelle tiny structures found in cells that perform cellular functions
Physiology the function of a part
Stem Cells Regulation of gene expression determines what cell type will develop from a totipotent embryonic cell
Digestive System receive food and digest into nutrient molecules
Cuboidal roughly cube-shaped
Parasagittal a cut that does not pass through the midline
Homeostasis balance
Chloroplast absorb light, which is the catalyst for photosynthesis.
Supine Body laying face up
Hematopoiesis describes the production of blood cells.
Integumentary system protects tissue, regulate body temperature & contains sense organs
Connective tissue bind other structures together and provide support, and protection against damage, infection, or heat loss.
Nucleolus makes ribosomes
Cell basic unit of all living things
Dorsal towards your back
Lysosome Trash Disposal of the cell
Central vacuole usually in plant cells
Positive feedback mechanism that brings about an ever greater change in the same direction
Inferior below something else
Squamous flat
Multicellular made up of many cells
Epithelial rapid absorption of nutrients into the blood.
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium type of simple epithelium that appears layered because the cells are of different heights.
Organ groups of tissues working together to perform a specific functionl
Anatomy the structure of a part
Endocrine system secretes chemicals that are messengers between body part, maintain proper functioning of reproductive system
Created by: avaverdi
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