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Medical Terminology

Chapter 13: Male Reproductive System

1. Balan/o glans penis
2. Epididym/o epididymis
3. Orch/o testis or testicle
4. Prostat/o prostate
5. Scrotum skin-covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
6. Testis/Testicle one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
7. Sperm/Spermatozoon male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the oocyte in the female to produce offspring
8. Penis erectile tissue
9. Semen a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vessels, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm
10. Bulbourethral glands/Cowper's gland pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid fluid to the semen
11. Perineum external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
12. azoospermia semen without living spermatozoa; a sign of infertility in a male
13. oligospermia decreased production and expulsion of sperm
14. balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
15. cryptorchism/cryptorchidism undescended testicles; failure of the testicles to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; the testis most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair
16. hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis
17. Peyronie's disease a disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum, causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
18. phimosis a narrowed condition of the prepuce resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection; commonly requires circumcision
19. benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH) enlargement of the prostate gland, common in older men, causing urinary obstruction
19. testicular cancer malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential
20. varicocele enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis
21. orchioplasty removal of a testicle
22. orchiectomy/orchidectomy repair of a testicle
23. vasectomy removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
24. vasovasostomy restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after a vasectomy
26. circumcision removal of an epididymis
27.urethrogram x-ray of the urethra and prostate
28. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV- 2) virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
29. Syphilis sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
30. Gonorrhea contagious, inflammatory of the genital mucous membrane caused by invasion of the gonococcus neisseria gonorrhoeae; the condition was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was first thought to be a leakage of semen;
Created by: Mutoni
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