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Neuro for Comm

skull anatomy & physiology

What are the 2 main objectives of the skull? structure and protection
Describe the framework of the skull. A bony framework with almost all of the bones rigidly joined together
What does "rigidly" refer too? fixed/immobile
Which bone of the skull is not rigidly joined together? mandible
What are sutures? immovable joints
What is a cranial suture? fibrous joint only found in the skull
What are 2 examples of cranial suture? coronal suture and sagittal suture
What does "corona" mean? crown
Foramen definition an opening that allows nerves and blood vessels to exit the skull
Orbit definition the bony cavity in the skull that contains the eye socket
What are the 2 major sections of the skull? cranium and facial skeleton
What does the cranium do? encases and protects brain structures
What does the facial skeleton do? encases and protects remaining contents
What does the term "lateral view" mean? view from the side
What is the opposite of the term "lateral"? medial
What does "anterior view" mean? view from the front of the body
What is the opposite of "anterior"? posterior
What does the term "supraorbital" refer to? above the eye
What is the opposite of "supra"? infra
What does "medial" mean? towards the middle or center
What does "posterior" mean? back of the body
What are paranasal sinuses? Air filled cavities lined by epithelial tissue
What hapens in the paranasal sinuses? sound bounces around
What can traumatic head injuries and blast injuries cause? skull fractures
Traumatic head injury description Direct or Indirect trauma to the head; Injury may be open or closed head injury
Blast injury characterization anatomical and physiological changes from the direct or reflective over-pressurization force impacting the body’s surface
What do over-pressurized forces include? bombs and explosions
What can cause cranial deformities? premature closure of cranial sutures or hydrocephaly and microcephaly
What are fontanelles? soft spots on infant
Created by: sshipman
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