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Module 6 Definitions

TermDefinition
ischemia insufficient blood flow to provide adequate oxygenation
S&S of a stroke FAST - Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time to call 911
arrhythmia Abnormal heart rhythm
cardiac arrest sudden stop of the heart
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
thrombus stationary blood clot
embolus moving blood clot
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) a.k.a. "Stroke". Lack of blood flow to the brain causing brain damage
aneurysm abnormal weakening of an artery
heart failure a chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's oxygen needs
congenital present at birth
myocardial infarction (MI) heart attack; death of myocardial tissue (infarction) caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) as a result of an occlusion (plugging) of a coronary artery; usually caused by atherosclerosis
diaphoresis sweating
hypertension (HTN) high blood pressure
atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup
S&S of myocardial infarction chest pain; pain spreading into the shoulder, arm, neck or jaw; diaphoresis (sweating); shortness of breath
diastolic heart failure due to heart not filling adequately
systolic heart failure due to heart not pumping adequately
ischemic stroke a type of stroke that occurs due to a blockage of blood flow to the brain
hemorrhagic stroke A type of stroke that occurs due to a ruptured blood vessel
S&S of cardiac arrest loss of consciousness and unresponsiveness
hypoxemia deficiency of oxygen in the blood
hemorrhage excessive flow of blood
thrombocyte a clotting cell; a platelet
hormones chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine glands, travel through the bloodstream, and affect other tissues
antibodies proteins produced by the immune system that help fight off pathogens
enzymes Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
main function of the cardiovascular system transport
Created by: kalin.organ
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