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YTI - Med Terms

YTI Chapter 6

asymptomatic without symptoms
defecation elimination of feces
duodenal bulb upper duodenal area
endoscope instrument consisting of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic tube and optical system or observing the inside of a gollow organ or cavity
exocrine pertaining to a gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or tissue or into a vessel
friable easily broken or pulverized
pepsin enzyme secreted in the stomach that begins the digestion of proteins
punctate having pinpoint punctures ore depressions on the surface; marked with dots
varices tortuous dilations of a vein
sphincter circular muscle constricting an orifice
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
labi/o lip
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gum(s)
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o esophagus
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestine
jejun/o jejunum (second part of small intestine)
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestine)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o colon
colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus, rectum
an/o anus
tonsill tonsils
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
cholangi/o bile vessel
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
-emesis vomit
iasis abnormal condition
-megaly enlargement
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing, eating
-prandial meal
-rrhea discharge, flow
dia- through or across
peri- around
sub- under, below
aer/o air
peri- around
anorexia lack or loss of apetite
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
ascites accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible
cachexia general lack of nutition and wasting
cholelithiasis presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
Crohn disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
regional enteritis chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
cirrhosis chronic, irreversible, degenerative disease of the liver
colic spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon
deglutition act of swallowing
dysentery inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon
dyspepsia epigastric discomfort felt after eating (indigestion)
dysphagia inability or difficulty in swallowing (aphagia)
eructation producing gas from the stomach (belching)
fecalith fecal concretion
flatus gas in teh GI tract; expelling of air from the body especially from the anus
gastoresophageal reflux disease (GERD) backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus
halitosis offensive or "bad" breath
hematemesis vomiting of blood
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (spastic colon)
malabsorption syndrome symptom complex of the small intestine
melena passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
oral leukoplakia formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue
peristalsis progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body
pyloric stenosis stricture or narrowing of the pyloric orifice
regurgitation backward flowing
steatorrhea passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it
endoscopy visual examination of cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
upper GI endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
lower GI endoscopy of the colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum and anal canal
endoscopy visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endocope
Created by: tnschess