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MedTerm Chap 7

LOM Chapter 7 Vocabulary

arteriole Small artery
Bowman capsule Cup-shaped capsule surroundong each glomerulus
Calyx or calix Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis.
Catheter Tube for injecting or removing fluids.
Cortex Outer region of an organ.
Creatinine A waste product of muscle metabolism; nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.
electrolyte A chemical that carries an electrical charge in a solution. Examples - potassium & sodium.
erythropoietin (EPO) A hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells.
filtration Process whereby some substances pass through a filter or other material.
glomerulus Tiny ball of capillaries in cortex of kidney.
hilum Depression or pit in that part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave.
kidney bean-shaped organ located behind the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region.
meatus opening or canal
medulla inner region; the renal medulla in the inner regon of the kidney.
micturition urination; the act of vomiting
nephron the combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption and secretion take place in the kidney.
nitrogenous waste substance containing nitrogen and excreted urine.
Potassium (K+) a salt (electrolyte) secreted from the bloodstream into the renal tubules to leave the body in urine.
reabsorption In this process, the renal tubukles return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream.
renal artery carries blood to the kidney
renal pelvis central collecting region in the kidney
renal tubule microscopic tube in the kidney where urine is formed.
renin An enzymatic hormone synthesized, stored, and secreted by the kidney
sodium (Na+) A salt (electrolyte) regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys.
trigone Triangular area in the bladder where the ureters enter and the urethra exits.
urea Major nitrogenous waste product excreted in the urine
ureter Tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body.
urethra Tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body.
uric acid Nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine
urinary bladder Sac that holds the urine.
urination Process of expelling urine; also called micturition.
voiding Emptying of urine from the urinary bladder
calio or calico calyx (calix)
cysto urinary bladder
glomerulo glomerulus
meato meatus
nephro kidney
pyelo renal pelvis
reno kidney
trigono trigone
uretero ureter
urethro urethra
vesico urinary bladder
albumino albumin (protein in the blood)
azoto nitrogen
bacterio bacteria
dipso thirst
keto or ketono ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
litho stone
nocti night
oligo scanty
poietin substance that forms
pyo pus
tripsy to crush
uro urine
urino urine
uria urination, urine condition
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the kidney glomerulus
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystectomy removal of bladder
Nephropathy kidney disease
hydronephrosis condition of water in the kidney
perivesical pertaining to surrounding the urinary bladder
Albuminuria condition of protein in the urine
bacteriuria bacteria in urine
pyuria pus in the urine
uremia blood in urine
enuresis bed wetting, urinary incontinence
diuresis large volume of urine
dysuria difficult urination
Created by: suprant