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Medical Terminology


Health: is defined as a state of complete physical, social, and mental, wellbeing
What does CC mean? chief complaint
BID means 2x
what are the 4 parts of a word? 1. Word Root 2. combing form 3. prefix 4.suffix
4 things that influence health: 1. Socioeconomic Factos 2.Health Behaviors 3. Environment 4. Health Access
Prefix Indicates? location, time, number, or status
Suffix indicates? procedure, condition, disorder, disease
Gastr stomach
Enter small intestine
Nuer nerve
Crani skull
Tonsill tonsil
Rhin nose
Laryng throat
Nat birth
Muscle my/o
Bone oste/o
spinal cord myel/o
nerve neur/o
joint arthr/o
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
luek/o white
melan/o black
poli/o gray
-plasty surgical repair
-rraphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ial pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
cardiac pertaining to heart
-ago abnormal condition
-esis abnormal condition
-ia abnormal condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ion abnormal condition
-ism abnormal condition
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy abnormal condition
Pathology study of aspects of diseases
-algia pain and suffering
-dynia pain
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-malacia abnormal softening
-necrosis tissue death
Patent open
sign objective
symptom subjective
syndrome combination of signs and symptoms
-centesis a surgical puncture to remove fluid for a diagnostic procedure
-graphy process of producing a picture or record
-gram picture or record
-plasty surgical repair
-scopy visual examination
pre- before
peri during
post after
Ab- away from
Ad- towards
Dys- Abnormal
Eu- Normal
Hyper- Increased
Hypo- decreased
Inter between
Inta inside/within
Sub below
Super/Supra Above
Disease a condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally
Diagnosis(D) receiving information about disease
Differential Diagnosis (D/DX) know what category it falls into but still ruling things out
Prognosis outcome or no outcome from recovering
Acute sudden onset+ rapid symptoms, shorter course + intense
Chronic Slow onset, generally milder symptoms, longer duration, improve day to day symptoms
Created by: bkc186
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