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ST muscular system

muscular system; surgical technology

The connection of muscle to a stationary bone is the_______? origin
the connection of muscle to a moving bone is the _____? insertion
muscle connected to internal organs is_________? visceral muscle
Pain in many muscles is called _____? polymyalgia
Pertaining to the heart muscle is ________? myocardio
fibrous membrane separating muscle is _______? fascia
Wasting away of, or no development of muscle is _________? atrophy
Malignant tumor of smooth muscle is called_____? leiomyosarcoma
A tough cord or band of dense, white connective tissue that attaches a muscle and transmits force to another part is called ____? tendon
What is the study of muscles? myology
What is the term that refers to a lack of tone or flabbiness in a muscle? flaccid
Cardiac muscle contracts ____ ____ in response to stimulation of nerve tissue. moderately fast
Smooth muscle contracts ____ in response to stimulation of nerve tissue. slowly
Muscles act in _____? groups
Which type of muscle tissue is characterized by long, striated, slender, striped cells? skeletal
A function of muscle is to____? assist in movement
Flat, thin, fibrous sheath of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone or other tissue at their point of origin or insertion is _____? aponeurosis
Muscles must be ________ attached to the structures they pull on during contraction. firmly
The ability to respond to stimuli is called ___? irritability
The ability to transmit impulses is called ___? conductivity
The ability to resume former length stretching force is removed is _____? elasticity
What is the action of an abductor? to move away from a part
What is the action of an adductor? to move toward a part or toward the midline
What is the action of a levelator? to lift a part
What is the action of a depressor? to lower a part
What is the action of tensors? to tense a part; make a part more rigid
What is the action of the supinators? to turn the palm upward
What is the action of a sphincter muscle to close body openings
Which muscles assist in respiration and movements of the neck, arms, and trunk? chest muscles
Which muscles are used in defecation and urination, and form the floor of the pelvic cavity? perineal muscles
Which muscle moves the shoulders by raising & throwing them back; assists in moving the head side to side; hyperextends the occiput acts as insertion; helps to hold the head erect? trapezius muscle
Which skeletal muscle rotates the head? sternocleidomastoid
Which skeletal muscle is used in blowing, whistling, and smiling? buccinator
The ________ of skeletal muscles is caused in 1 of 2 ways: artificial or natural stimulation. contraction
Muscles move the body by doing what to bones? pulling
Muscles that move a part of the body usually lie ______ to the part they move. proximal
Muscle cells get their energy to contract from ___? simple sugars
Which skeletal muscle closes the eyelid? orbicularis oculi
Which skeletal muscle closes the jaw? masseter
When the epimysium extends in the form of a strong, tough, cord of connective tissue which is continuous with the periosteum of the bone it is a _____? tendon
Muscles are enclosed in ___________, which is continuous with. fibrous structures that attach muscle to bone or other structures epimysium
A term for wasting away or degeneration is? atrophy
What percentage of one's total body weight is composed of the muscular system? 35-50%
What is the term meaning "within a muscle"? intramuscular
The body system involving muscles and their attachments to produce movement is? muscular system
Controlled by the will is ________? voluntary
the increase in size of an organ or structure is _________? hypertrophy
The outermost sheath of connective tissue is called the ____? fascia or epimysium
Muscles that are responsible for prime actions are _______? antagonists
Muscles that assist the prime movers by stabilizing the joints are _____? synergists
pain of many muscles polymyalgia
inflammation of muscle myositis
decrease in size of an organ or tissue atrophy
voluntary, move all bones, face, and eyes striated muscle
process of moving away from midline abduction
pain in fibrous connective tissue fibromyalgia
bending of foot backward and upward dorsiflexion
benign tumor of smooth muscle leiomyoma
removal of fascia fasciectomy
not consciously controlled, located only in the heart cardiac muscle
pain of muscle myalgia
pertaining to loss of muscle development amyotrophic
bending downward toward sole of foot plantar flexion
pulling toward midline adduction
disease of muscle myopathy
excessive development, increase of cell size hypertrophy
process of recording electricity in muscle electromyography
malignant tumor of skeletal muscles rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle leiomyosarcoma
pertaining to heart muscle myocardial
control is involuntary; moves organs smooth muscle
benign tumor of skeletal muscle rhabdomyoma
condition of muscle weakness caused by transmission failure of nervous impulses myasthenia gravis
connection of muscle tissue to stationary bone origin
connection of muscle tissue to a bone that moves insertion
Created by: bellajerrent429