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Chapter 3 Review

Review questions for Ch.3 on Cells

Name the term for the fluid inside the cell cytosol
The nucleus contains ? deoxyribonucleic acid
What do you call the internal cellular structures ? Organelles
Name the term for inner folds of the mitochondria cristae
Ribosomes are found on ROUGH/ SMOOTH endoplasmic reticulum rough
What do the ribosomes do for the cell ? produce proteins
Where are ribosomes manufactured ? nucleolus
The golgi apparatus forms? vesicles
How would you identify centrioles in the cell ? Looks like Twizzler candy
The plasma membrane is primarily made of what type of molecule? phospholipid
Particles that are LARGE /SMALL will move easily through the plasma membrane? SMALL
The heads of phospholipids are HYDROPHILIC/HYDROPHOBIC ? HYDROPHILIC
Solutions are made of the solvent and the ? solute
If there is more water ,there will be less ? less particle
Osmosis is the movement of ? water
If the solute wants into the cell ,the water wants ? out
Does diffusion cost the cell any energy ? No
A cell in a hypertonic solution will SHRINK/SWELL? ] SHRINK
Water moves in a hypotonic solution ? inside
Water will not move if the solution is ? isotonic
Define Tonicity? Measurement of water across a membrane
Define passive transport ? particles move from high to low concentration
Endocytosis is movement WITH/AGAINEST the gradient ? against the gradient
Endocytosis moves particles INTO/OUT of the cell? into the cell
Exocytosis USES/DOES NOT use energy ? uses energy
LOW- HIGH is PASSIVE/ACTIVE transport? active transport
Created by: hwashington
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