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anatomía de huesillos

Divisiones de huesos Periostio, endostio, médula osea, cartílago hielino, tejido óseo
Tejido óseo Tejido conjuntivo
Periostio Tejido conjuntivo denso: Protege y está de forma externa
Endostio Tejido conjuntivo reticular: Dentro
Médula ósea Tejido conjuntivo adiposo y hematoyotico: Da origen a células sanguíneas
Cartílago hielino Tejido conjuntivo articular: Protege de presiones constantes, pero de baja intensidad
Osteoblastos Ubicación superficial en el tejido óseo, son células inmaduras que originan el hueso
Osteocito Se ubican en lagunas o cavidad rodeados por material intercelular calsificado, son los huesos maduros
Osteoclasto Se pueden encontrar en lagunas de Howship, tienen función macrofága, limpia estructuras dañadas y están permanentemente remodelando el hueso
Tejido óseo laminar compacto o maduro Es la parte externa del hueso y es dura y densa
Tejido óseo reticular o esponjoso adentro del hueso y es esponjoso para dejar pasar a la médula ósea y vasos sanguíneos
Periostio Cubre la superficie externa del hueso, excepto superficies articulares y lugares de inserción de tendones y ligamentos dos capas: externa o fibrosa e interna u osteógena
Capa fibrosa (periostio) Formada por tejido conectivo denso irregular Rica en vasos sanguíneos y nervios e importante en nutrición del hueso
Capa osteógena (periostio) formada por tejido conectivo laxo Presenta células osteógenas que se pueden transformar en osteoblastos Contribuye en crecimiento en grosor en fracturas Adherido a superficie del hueso por fibras perforantes
Endostio tejido conectivo reticular y reviste cavidades medulares de huesos y canales óseos
Cartílago articular Constituido por cartílago hielino y recubre superficies articulares en articulaciones sinoviales
Médula ósea Compuesta por tejido mieloide, ubicada en cavidades medulares de huesos y tienen función hematoyética que es precursor de células sanguíneas
Médula ósea roja Cavidad medulares y encargada de producir células sanguíneas
Médula ósea amarilla Constituida por tejido adiposo de la médula ósea
Created by: KKYUMIMI
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