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Chapter 14

Female reproductive system

Functions Producing female sex hormones, Propagating life by producing oocytes, place for implantation and nurturing of fertilized oocyte (ovum) through embryonic and fetal stages to birth, Producing an infant’s first source of nutrition
Womb pear-shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo develops
Fundus upper portion of the uterus
Endometrium lining of the uterus that sheds approximately every 28 to 30 days in a nonpregnant woman
Myometrium muscular wall of the uterus
Uterine (fallopian) tubes extend from each side of uterus toward ovary that provides passage for ova to uterus
Cervix neck of the uterus
Cervical os opening of the cervix to the uterus
Ovary one of two glands located on each side of pelvic cavity that produces ova and female sex hormones
Mammary glands (breasts) contain two glands that are capable of producing milk
areola dark-pigmented area around the nipple
-arche beginning
cervic/o neck or cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina (sheath)
episi/o, vulv/o vulva (covering)
gynec/o woman
hyster/o, metr/o, uter/o uterus
lact/o milk
mamm/o, mast/o breast
men/o menstruation, menses
obstetr/o midwife
oo- egg, oophor/o, ovari/o ovary
ov/i, ov/o egg
pelv/i pelvis (basin); hip bone
salping/o uterine (fallopian) tube; Eustachian tube
toc/o labor or birth
AB abortion
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
A&P anterior and posterior
Bx biopsy
CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIS carcinoma in situ
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
C-section cesarean section
CVS chorionic villus sampling
D&C dilation and curettage
D&E dilation and evacuation
EDC estimated date of confinement
EDD estimated date of delivery
GYN gynecology
HBV hepatitis B virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HPV human papillomavirus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSV-2 herpes simplex virus type 2
IUD intrauterine device
LEEP loop electrosurgical excision procedure
LLETZ large-loop excision of the transformation zone
LMP last menstrual period
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
OB obstetrics
OCP oral contraceptive pill
Pap Papanicolaou (smear)
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIH pregnancy-induced hypertension
SAB spontaneous abortion
STD sexually transmitted disease
STI sexually transmitted infection
TAB therapeutic abortion
Created by: maariiaa
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