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Chapter 7

Endocrine System

adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrate metabolism and salt and water balance
adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
steroid hormones regulate carbohydrate metabolism and salt and water balance
estrogen responsible for development of female secondary sex characteristics and regulation of reproduction
progesterone regulates uterine conditions during pregnancy
Pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon
Parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone
Pineal Gland Secretes melatonin and serotonin
pituitary gland secretes thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, melanocyte-stimulating hormone, growth hormone, and prolactin
posterior pituitary releases antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
testes secrete testosterone
thymus gland secrete thymosin
thyroid gland secretes triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and calcitonin
aden/o gland
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland
andr/o male
crin/o to secrete
dips/o thirst
gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o glucose (sugar)
hormon/o hormone
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies
pancreat.o pancreas
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
BS blood sugar
CO2 carbon dioxide
CSII continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion
CT computed tomography
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GH growth hormone
GTT glucose tolerance test
HbAlc glycosylated hemoglobin
HRT hormone replacement therapy
LH luteinizing hormone
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
OXT oxytocin
PPBS postprandial blood sugar
PRL prolactin
PTH parathyroid hormone
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
VP vasopressin
Created by: maariiaa
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