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Middle Ages Part One

Vocabulary for the Early Middle Ages

the loyalty of a citizen to his or her government or of a subject to his or her sovereign allegiance
an overseer of a landed estate or farm bailiff
a promise that a marriage will take place betrothal
to declare a deceased person to be a saint and entitled to be fully honoured as such canonize
the principal church of a diocese, containing the bishop's throne cathedral
the part of a military force composed of troops that serve on horseback cavalry
the condition or quality of being pure or chaste chastity
the domain of a count or earl; a shire county
that portion of a manor not granted to freehold tenants but either retained by the lord for his own use and occupation or occupied by his villeins or leasehold tenants demesne
a period of dry weather, especially a long one that is injurious to crops drought
the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state duke
something that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation duty
of or pertaining to the church or the clergy; churchly; clerical; not secular ecclesiastical
a formal ecclesiastical censure that deprives a person of the right to belong to a church community excommunication
noun: a striking or notable deed verb: to use selfishly for one's own ends exploit
land plowed and left unseeded for a season or more; uncultivated fallow
bearing, producing, or capable of producing vegetation, crops, etc., abundantly; prolific fertile
strict observance of promises, duties, etc. fidelity
a long, narrow arm of the sea bordered by steep cliffs: usually formed by glacial erosion fjord
the feathers on an arrow, which stabilize it during flight; to provide (an arrow) with a feather fletching
a person not in slavery or serfdom; one who possesses the rights or privileges of a citizen freeman
the formal public acknowledgment by which a feudal tenant or vassal declared himself to be the man or vassal of his lord, owing him fealty and service homage
a man of high rank in a feudal society or in one that retains feudal forms and institutions, especially the proprietor of a manor lord
parasitic insect infecting human hair and skin louse
a house or place of residence occupied by a community of persons, especially monks, living in seclusion under religious vows monastery
a man who has withdrawn from the world for religious reasons, living according to particular rules and under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience monk
a person who has been received into a religious order or congregation for a period of probation before taking vows novice
A building for female members of a religious order, especially one bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. nunnery
a primitive form of trial to determine guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to fire, poison, or other serious danger, the result being regarded as a divine or preternatural judgment ordeal
a person who journeys, especially a long distance, to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion pilgrim
any widespread affliction, epidemic, calamity, or evil, especially one regarded as a direct punishment by God plague
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church pope
an indication or omen of something about to happen, especially something momentous; threatening or disquieting significance portent
a religious house governed by a prior or prioress, often dependent upon an abbey priory
the body, a part of the body, or some personal memorial of a saint, martyr, or other sacred person, preserved as worthy of veneration relic
a person in a condition of servitude, required to render services to a lord, commonly attached to the lord's land and transferred with it from one owner to another serf
a building or other shelter, often of a stately or sumptuous character, enclosing the remains or relics of a saint or other holy person and forming an object of religious veneration and pilgrimage shrine
one of the ancient Scandinavian poets skald
a fabric consisting of a warp upon which colored threads are woven by hand to produce a design, often pictorial, used for wall hangings, furniture coverings, etc. tapestry
a material, as straw, rushes, leaves, or the like, used to cover roofs, grain stacks, etc. thatching
a person who is in bondage; slave thrall
the tenth part of agricultural produce or personal income set apart as an offering to God or for works of mercy, or the same amount regarded as an obligation or tax for the support of the church, priesthood, or the like tithe
a violation of allegiance to one's sovereign or to one's state treason
one of a class of medieval lyric poets who flourished principally in southern France from the 11th to 13th centuries, and wrote songs and poems of a complex metrical form in langue d'oc, chiefly on themes of courtly love troubadour
a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior; feudal tenant vassal
noxious, objectionable, or disgusting animals collectively, especially those of small size that appear commonly and are difficult to control, as flies, lice, bedbugs, cockroaches, mice, and rats vermin
a member of a class of partially free persons under the feudal system, who were serfs with respect to their lord but had the rights and privileges of freemen with respect to others villein
a minor or incompetent person placed under the care or protection of a guardian or court ward
a form of wall construction consisting of upright posts or stakes interwoven with twigs or tree branches and plastered with a mixture of clay and straw wattle and daub
the amount of money fixed as compensation for the murder or disablement of a person, computed on the basis of rank, in order to prevent a blood feud wergild
Created by: theraabster