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Humanities part #2

Humanities

QuestionAnswer
Habeas corpus The principle that accused persons cannot be held in jail without the consent of the court.
Commoner A person who is not of noble rank.
Crossbows A medieval weapon made up of a bow that was fixed across a wooden stock (which had a groove to direct the arrow's flight) and operated by a trigger.
Longbows A large bow used for firing feathered arrows.
Truce An agree-upon halt in fighting.
Heretic A person who holds beliefs that are contrary to the teaching for a church other.
Henry II English king who created royal courts to replace the older and more unfair systems of trial by ordeal ad trail by combat. These courts helped to create common law in England.
Archbishop of Canterbury Also known as Thomas a Becket, this powerful religious leader was brutally murdered by 4 of the king's knights while he was praying in his cathedral.
King John English king who ignored peoples' rights and collected large taxes from lords and nobles. He was forced to sign the Magna Carta.
Magna Carta or "Great Charter" The document which protection the rights and privileges of noble and helped create common law in England.
Parliament A group of people that governed and made decisions together (instead of monarch) in England. This was the basis of common law.
Hundred Years War The English over who controlled parts of France. Joan of arc was one of thousands of people who fought in these wars. One of the many results of these wars was that power shifted away from knights and nobles and to monarchs mercenaries and common people
Joan of Arc A french peasant teenager who had visions from god and fought in the hundred years war. She led many battles with French victories but was eventually captured by the English and burnt at the stakes as a heretic. The Catholic Church made her a saint.
Plague A disease that you get if you get bitten by a rat or fleas from the bacteria in them. It first hit in Middle ages. The rats were traveling on sales chips to other places. It first Happened in Europe.It affected everyone in Europe.
Created by: ANCROCKS!