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fats and oils

lipids- basic

QuestionAnswer
What is a white, waxy lipid made by the body that is part of every cell? cholesterol
What are sources of cholesterol? All animal parts, milk products, egg yolks
This type of fat is in most snack food and is required to be on food labels. trans fat
Fat in our diet processes these vitamins ______, which is vital for our health. Vitamins A,D,E,K
Fat is the most concentrated source of food ____________. energy
Fat is needed for healthy______ & _______. skin and hair
Too much fat in our diets can lead to _______ & ________ weight gain and heart disease
Ideally, this percentage of total calories should come from fat per day. 30% or less
How many calories are there in a gram of fat? nine
How much saturated fat should we consume? Less than 7% of total calories
Which of these contains saturated fat, whole milk or olive oil? whole milk
Which of these is high in saturated fat, butter or corn oil? butter
What does "low fat" mean on food labels? 3g of fat or less per serving
What does "fat free" mean on food labels? Less than 0.5g of fat
This solid pig fat is high in saturated fat and cholesteral. lard
This fat is made from milk cream. butter
Fats that come from animals and are solid at room temperature are called _________ fats. saturated
Olive oil, avcados, peanut oil, and canola oil are examples of _____________ fats. monounsaturated
Corn oil, soybean oil, and safflower oil are examples of _________ fats. polyunsaturated
These fats lower bad cholesteral (LDL) and raise good cholesterol (HDL) in the blood. monounsaturated
These fats lower bad AND good cholesterol levels in the blood. polyunsaturated
These fats raise both good (HDL) and bad (LDL) levels of cholesterol in the blood. saturated
This insulates the body from shock and temperature changes. fat
Fat satisfies ____________ because it remains in the stomach longer. hunger
When hunger is satisfied it is called ________. satiety
Fat adds a lot of __________ to our food. flavor
Organic acid units which make up fat are called______ _____. fatty acids
Saturated, polyunsaturated, and monounsaturated are the three types of ______ acids. fatty
The formula for knowing how much fat is in a food item is..... grams of fat times 9 calores, divided by total calories, times 100
The average American consumes this much in fat per day. 40%
There is no cholesterol in foods of _________ origin, such as fruits, vegetables, and dry beans. plant
polyunsaturated fats come from _____________ sources and fish. vegetable
This is living, and is a source of polyunsaturated fat. fish
Which of the 3 fatty acids is best for your health? ________________ fat. monounsaturated fat
A diet high in cholesterol and saturated fats increases your "_________ cholesterol level". blood
An excess of this in your blood will build up in the arteries and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. cholesterol
A balanced diet must include ______. fat
Together with fats, __________ and carbohydrates provide energy. proteins
Fat is stored under the skin and in the _________. abdomen
The body uses fat when it is in need of extra ______. feul
People can have trouble with their ___________ when too much fat is in their diet. digestion
_____________ are the major type of fat found in foods and in the body. Triglycerides
The process of converting liquid oils into solids is called _____________. hydrogenation
Oils that have gone bad and have an unpleasant smell and taste are called _________. rancid
A shorter name for trans-fatty acids is ______. trans fat
Research shows that trans fats act much like _________ fats in the body. saturated
Another name for the fats and oils in the body. lipids
Created by: kahns