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Pharmacology Review

Reverse defs

QuestionAnswer
Synergism A combination of two drugs that cause an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone.
Inhalation Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor through the nose or mouth
Antidote Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
Stimulant Agent that excites and promotes activity
antihypertension Agent that lowers blood pressure
Hypnotic Agent that produces sleep
Iatrogenic And effect that produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug.
Side effect An effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
Parenteral By injection or intravenous administration
antibiotic chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms
Systemic Circulating through the blood stream to produce a general effect on the body
Brand name Commercial name for a drug; trade name.
tolerance Drug action in which larger and larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect.
Antihistamines Drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in the body and relieves allergy symptoms
antidepressant Drug that is used to relieve the symptoms of depression
Anticonvulsant Drug that prevents convulsions
Emetic Drug that promotes vomiting
Antidiarrheal Drugs used to prevent diarrhea
Antiarrhythmic Drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
antacid Drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach
Anesthetic Drug which reduces or eliminates sensation
Analgesic Drug which relieves pain.
Topical Drugs applied on the skin or mucous membrane
Controlled drugs Drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused.
oral drugs given by mouth
Sublingual Drugs given under the tongue
Rectal Drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum
contraindications Factors in a patients condition that prevents the use of a drug treatments
narcotic Habit-forming drug that relieves pain
toxicity Harmful effects of a drug
Anaphylaxis Hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism
Syringe Instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body
sedative Mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep
transport Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
fixed oils Oils, extracted primarily from plants that do not evaporate
Volatile oils Oils extracted primarily from plants that evaporate
aerosols Particles of medication suspended in air
ophthalmic Relating to the eye
Vitamin Substances found in foods which are essential for life
Receptor Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
Cumulative action The concentration of a dug may increase with each dose due to the half-life or previous doses.
Absorption The process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down and transformed into a form that the body can use.
Distribution The process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body
Metabolism The process of breaking down a drug or other substance into metabolites used by the body.
Half-time The time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested
Additive action The total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects
Otic Via the ear.
Created by: Demitreia
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