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Anatomy wk 1 & 2

body regions & tissues

Describe Anatomical Position universally accepted -- arms straight out by the sides with palms facing forward
axial head, neck and trunk [the AXIS of the body]
appendicular limbs and their atachments to the axis
Cephalic head
Frontal forehead
Orbital eye
Nasal nose
Buccal cheek
oral mouth
mental chin
occipital back of head
cervical neck
nuchal back of neck
thoracic chest
acromial shoulder
scapular shoulder blade
vertebrae spine
lumbar low back
abdominal belly
inguinal groin
genital pubic
coxal hip
axillary armpit
brachial arm
cubital elbow
antebrachial forearm
carpal wrist
manual hand
pollex thumb
digital finger
femoral thigh
patellar knee
popliteal back of knee
crural leg
sural back of leg
gluteal buttock
tarsal ankle
pedal foot
digital toe
plantar sole
calcaneal heel
superior/inferior above/below
anterior/posterior in front/ in back
medial/lateral toward midline/away from middle
proximal/distal near the trunk/away from the trunk
superficial/deep toward surface/toward core
cephalad/caudal toward head/ toward tail
ventral/dorsal toward the front/ back
sagittal plane divides body into left and right
frontal or coronal plane divides body from front to back
transverse plane divides body top to bottom
Pleura refers to the lungs
Pericardium refers to the heart
Peritoneum refers to the serosa lining the abdominal cavity and organs
Visceral layer of a covering refers to the most external layer surrounding an organ
Parietal layer of a covering refers to the layer that lines the cavity
Created by: sardines



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