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Immunology Study of the immune system
Lymph clear fluid that surrounds body cells. Lymph fluid contains salts, water, sugar, and wastes of metabolism.
Interstitial fluid Surrounds body cells.
Immunity Protection against infectious disease
Lymphocytes A white blood cell formed in lymphatic tissue, making up approximately 22% to 28% of total number of leukocytes in the blood.
Immunoglobulins Antibodies such as IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM, and IgD that are secreted by plasma cells in humoral immunity
Helper T cell (T4 cell) Lymphocyte that aids B cells in recognizing antigens and stimulating antibody production.
Idiopathic Diseases having no known cause; can only be treated symptomatically.
Iatrogenic Disease caused by treatment and its effects on patients. Example would be chemotherapy causing severe anemia or hepatitis with blood transfusions
Pathogenic Capable of causing disease.
Opportunistic infection An organism (especially fungi and bacteria) causing disease in a host whose resistance is lowered by other disease or by drugs.
Communicable disease An infectious disease easily transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another. Most effective prevention is cleanliness.
immuno/o protection
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph node
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
tox/o poison
ana- again, anew
inter- between
axillary- lymph node site underarms, upper chest, breasts, and upper abdomen
inguinal- lymph node site legs, genitalia, and lower abdomen
pelvic- lymph node site groin area
abdominal- lymph node site along the main branches of the arteries of the intestine and the abdominal aorta
thoracic- lymph node site Lungs, windpipe, and bronchi
cervical- lymph node site anterior cervical, posterior cervical, tonsillar, submandibular, submental, and supraclavicular
Specific Immunity The body's ability to recognize, respond to and remember harmful substances and bacteria.
Acquired Immunity Acquired by infection or vaccination
Natural Immunity Nondeliberate exposure to a causative agent.
Artificial Immunity Deliberate exposure to the causative agent.
Vaccination A modified pathogen or toxin to stimulate the production of antibodies
Aquired passive immunity Given for immediate protection. An example would be antitoxins given in the case of poisonous snake bites
Inherited or inborn immunity In the body at birth,sometimes referenced as innate immunity
Active- Natural immunity An active disease produced by immunity
Passive- Natural immunity Immunity passes from the mother to the fetus through the placenta or mother's milk.
Active- Artificial Immunity Vaccination resulting in immunity to a certain disease or diseases
Passive- Artificial immunity A nonimmune person is given protective material developed in antoher individual's immune system.
Antibodies Protein compounds with specific combining sites.
Created by: TinaW