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MOT 135

Renal - final

What are the functions of urine 1. Regulation of volume of blood 2. Regulation of blood electrolytes 3. Regulation of acid-based balance of blood Ph 4. Regulation of volume of electrolytes and Ph in tissue fluid
where is the kidney located retroperitoneal
What is the membrane that covers the kidneys renal fascia
Internal kidney of the kidneys have two layers of tissue and a cavity name the outer and inside layer, and cavity Renal medula (inside)Renal cortex (outside) and Renal pelvis
what is the indentation where the renal artery and ureter exit what is it called Hilus
What is another name for the renal capsule Bowmen's Capsule
Inside the Bowmen's there are cells and liquid is formed, what is this area called, fluid that forms form blood Renal filtrate
Collecting tubulal and Renal tubules unite and form what Papillary duct
Papillary duct empties into the Calyx of the renal pelvis
What are the three steps to form urine 1. Glomerular filtration: occurs within the renal corpuscles 2. Tubular re-absorption: occurs within the renal tubules 3. Tubular secretion: occurs within renal tubules
What are the four re-absorptions Active Transport; Passive Transport; Osmosis; Pinocytosis
4 mechmanis that of the reformation of urine,with active transportation what cells use use what active to transport materials.What is active transport ATP transports minerals from filtrate to blood
What is Passive transport what ions follow negative ions. reabsorbed after positive ions to back to blood
What is reabsorbed during osmosis water. is reabsorbed to blood after minerals
What is pinocytosis transfer to what part of the cell cell membrane. proteins too large are absorbed by proximal convoluted tubule membranes of the cell
Between the layers of bowman's is renal filtrate (fluid formed from blood) and will become urine
Fold in mucosa are rugae
Ureter drains from kidney into the bladder by way of. smooth muscle that contract towards the ureter what are they called peristalsis (smooth muscle)
Smooth muscle layer in the urinary bladder is detrusor
What are the 3 hormone that influence the reabsorption of water 1. Aldosterone2. Anti natriuretic (ANH)3. Antidiuretic (ADH)
What is aldosterone high bld potassium, low bld sodium, low blood pressure
What is antinatriuretic ANH aterial walls stretching by high blood pressure and high blood volume
what is antidiuretic ADH low body water volume
Waht is the structure that carries urine form bladder to outside the body urethra, allows urine to flow
Urination is also know as voiding
Yellow color of urine is called urochrome
What are the characteristics of urine Color, Amount, Gravity, Ph, Constitutents, Nitrogen waste
The evaluation of urine is called, when someone comes in with urinary symptoms do a urinalysis
What does the normal urinalysis demonstrate proper: filtration, waste elimination, absorption, fluid electrolyte balance
What is the procedure called to look into the bladder, and what instrument do you use cystoscopy, cystoscope
acute glomerulonephritis: inflammation, and swelling of the glomeruli acute: sudden onset usually after strep infection
chronic glomerulonephritis inflammation, and swelling of the glomeruli chornic slowly progressive nonifectious disease can lead to permanent renal damage
nephrotic syndrome (nephrosis) DISEASE OF THE BASEMENT MEMBRANES OF THE GLOMERULUS. SECONDARY TO MANY RENAL disease increased permeabilti of the glomerulus
acute renal failure sudden and severe reduction in reanl function considered emergency since nitrogen waste build up fast in the blood
chronic renalfailure gradual and pregressive loss of nephrons with irrevrsibel loss of renal function and gradual onset of uremia numerous causes pyelonephritis, infection, polycystic disease
acute pyelonephritis acute inflammation of renal pelvis and connective tissue of one or both kidneys usually bacteria
hydronephritis abnormaldilation of the renal pelvis caused by urine pressure an obstruction prevents the normal flow of urine to the ureter. the obstruction can be stones, tumors, inflammation
renal calculi stones, formed by the concentration of various mineral salts in the kidney or another part of the urinary tract excessive amt of calciumor uric acid, hereditary factor, dehydration, supersaturated crytalline
diabetic nephropathy renal changes as result of diabetes melitus called glomerulosclerosis complicationof diabetes mellitus; lesions caused by the filtration rate to decrease
stress incontinence uncontrollable leakage of small amounts of urine from the urinary bladder during exertion or stress action. weaking of thepelvic floor muscles and urethral strictures
Created by: mary t