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YTI Med Terms

YTI Chapter Four

cyt/o cell
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA - Molecule that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever the cell divides
eti/o cause
fluor/o luminous, fluorescent
idi/o unknown, peculiar
Plane imaginary flat surface
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
CT computed tomography
Midsagittal median - right and left halves
Coronal frontal - Anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) aspects
Transverse Horizontal - Superior (upper) and inferior (lower) aspects
Thoracic Heart, lungs and associated structures
Abdominopelvic Digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs and structures
Abduction Movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts
Adduction Movement toward the median plane of the body
Medial Pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
Lateral Pertaining to a side
Superior (cephalad) Toward the head or upper portion of a structure
Inferior (caudal) Away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure
Proximal Nearer to the center (trunk of bocy) or to the point of attachment ot the body
Distal Further from the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body
Anterior (ventral) Near the front of the body
Posterior (dorsal) Near the back of the body
Parietal Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
Visceral Pertaining to the viscera, or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs
Prone Lying horizontal with the face downward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward
Supine Lying on the back with the face upward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward
Inversion Turning inward or inside out
Eversion Turning outward
Palmar Pertaining to the palm of the hand
Plantar Pertaining to the sole of the foot
superficial Toward the surface of the body
hist/o tissue
kary/o nucleus
anter/o anterior, front
caud/o tail
dist/o far, farthest
dors/o back (of body)
infer/o lower, below
later/o side
medi/o middle
poster/o back (of body), behind, posterior
proxim/o near, nearest
ventr/o belly, belly side
abdonmin/o abdomen
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
gastr/o stomach
ili/o ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
ilial pertaining to the ilium
inguin/o groin
lumb/o loins, lower back
unbilic/o navel
pelv/i pelvis
spin/o spine
thorac/o chest
albin/o white
leuk/o white
chlor/o green
chrom/o color
cirrh/o yellow
jaund/o yellow
xanth/o yellow
melan/o black
poli/o gray; gray metter (of brain or spinal cord)
myel bone marrow; spinal cord
acr/o extremity
eti/o cause
fasci/o band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separting muscles)
idi/o unknown, peculiar
morph/o form, shape, structure
radi/o radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
somat/o body
viscer/o internal organs
xer/o dry
-logy study of
-logist specialist in the study of
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-gnosis knowing
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry act of measuring
-pathy disease
ab- from, away from
ad- toward
infra- below, under
hetero- different
homeo- same
peri- around
super- upper, above
trans- across, through
ultra- excess, beyond
febrile feverish, pertaining to fever
ant (abbreviation) anterior
AP anteroposterior
Bx or bx biopsy
CT computerized tomography
CT scan computed (axial) tomography scan
CAT scan computed (axial) tomography scan
DSA digital subtraction angiography
LAT lateral
lat lateral
Dx diagnosis
LLQ lower left quadrant
PA posteroanterior pernicious anemia
LUQ Left upper quadrant
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
PET position emission tomography
post posterior
RLQ right left quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
sono sonogram
Sx Symptoms
Tx treatment
U & L upper and lower
UL upper and lower
US ultrasound
biopsy representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination
son sound
path/o disease
cyan/o blue
nucle/o nucleus
Created by: tnschess