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PDR Physicians' Desk Reference Utilizes to understand medication for patients
Tradename brand or proprietary
Generic Name official name or nonproprietary
What type of medication is most common? Oral medication tablets,pill, chewables
What federal statute deals with drug safety? Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Therapeutic Drug Relieves Symptoms
Prophylactic Drug Prevents a disease or condition
Analgesics Relieves pain without loss of consciousness advil, naproxen, ASA, Tylenol
Anesthetic produces lack of feeling (general or local) Lidocaine, Novocaine
Antacid Neutralizes acid myanta, milk of magnesia
Antianxiety reduces mental tension/anxiety Benzodiazepines diazepam
Antiarrhythmic Controls Cardiac Arrhythmias xylocaine, propandol
Anticoagulant prevents or delays blood clotting Heparin, warfarin, lovenox
Anticonvulsant Prevents or relieves convulsions (seizures) Tegretol, Dialantin
Antidepressant Prevents/ Relieves symptoms of depression Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO), marplan, Nardil, Elavil, Tofranil
Antidiarrheal Prevents/ Relieves Diarrhea Pepto-bismol, Imodium
Antidote Counteracts poisons Narcan, Activated, Charcoal, atrophine
Antiemetic Prevents/ Relieves Nausea and Vomiting Tigan, Dramamine, Phenergan, Reglan
Antifungal Pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic
Antihistamine Counteracts histamine (histamine is what causes the symptoms of an allergic reaction) Dimetane, Benedryl
Antihyperlipidemic Lowers cholesterol in the blood Statins
Antihypertensive Prevents / Controls high blood pressure
Anti-Inflammatory Counteracts inflammation Naproxen, ASA, IBU (Advil and Motin)
Antimanic Treatment of Manic episodes in manic-depressive disorders Bipolar Lithium
Antineoplastic Destroys Malignant Cells Myleran, Cytoxan
Antipyretic Reduces Fever ASA, Tylenol (acetaminophen)
Antitussive Prevent/ Reduces Cough Codeine
Antiviral Kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicates and stops virus from reproducing
Bronchodilator Dilates the Bronchi albuterol, isuprel
Contraceptive Device/ Method or Agent that prevents conception Enovid-E21, Ortho-Novum 10/11/21
Decongestant Reduce nasal congestion/swelling Sudafed , Afrin, Adrenalin, phenylephrine HCI
Diuretic Increases excretion of urine
Emetic medicine or potion that makes you vomit
Expectorant Helps remove secretion from bronchopulmonary mucous membrane Rubitussin
Antacid- Gastric Acid pump neutralizes acid
Hemostatic Controls/ stops bleeding vitamin k, humafac, alginate dressings
Hypnotic Produces sleep or hypnosis
Hypoglycemic lowers blood sugar levels Oral:glyburide, glucophage Insulin: Lantus, Humulin, Novolin
Laxative Loosens/ Promotes normal bowel Movements Metamucil Powder, Dulcolax
Muscle Relaxant Relaxes skeletal muscles Norflex, valium, skelexin
Antidepressant- Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) To reduce depression Citalopram (celexa) Escitalopram (lexapro)
Antidepressant- Serotonin nonselective reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) Increases seretonin duloxeine renlafaxine
Vasodilator Relax blood vessels lowers blood pressure nitroglycerin, isosobide dinitrate
Vasopressor contracts muscles around capillaries, veins and arteries (this will raises blood pressure) Levophed
Antibiotic destroys or inhibits growth of micro
Tranquilizer relieves anxiety and muscle tension with causing sleep
Sedative relieves anxiety and muscle tension without causing sleep
Created by: maria_serv
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