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CH10 Vocabulary

Cardiovascular

QuestionAnswer
An alteration in rhythm of the heartbeat. Arrhythmia
Any of the tubular branching muscular- and elastic-walled vessels that carry blood from the heart through the body. Arteries
A condition in which fatty material collects along the walls of arteries. . Atherosclerosis
When the heart is unable to maintain adequate circulation of blood in the tissues of the body or to pump out the venous blood returned to it by the venous circulation. Congestive Heart Failure
A condition and especially one caused by atherosclerosis that reduces the blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle and typically results in chest pain or heart damage. Coronary Artery Disease
The passive rhythmical expansion or dilation of the cavities of the heart during which they fill with blood. Diastole
An abnormal rhythm. Dysrhythmia
A test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart. Echocardiogram
Abnormally high arterial blood pressure that is usually indicated by an adult systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or greater or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater. Hypertension
Deficient supply of blood to a body part (as the heart or brain) that is due to obstruction of the inflow of arterial blood. Ischemia
A heart problem in which the valve that separates the upper and lower chambers of the left side of the heart does not close properly. Mitral Valve Prolaspe
Heart Attack Myocardial Infarction
A vein that is the second largest vein in the human body, is formed by the union of the two brachiocephalic veins at the level of the space between the first two ribs, and returns blood to the right atrium of the heart from the upper half of the body. Superior Vena Cava
The contraction of the heart by which the blood is forced onward and the circulation kept up. Systole
Any of the tubular branching vessels that carry blood from the capillaries toward the heart and have thinner walls than the arteries. Veins
Inflammation of the myocardium. Myocarditis
The quality or state of being abnormally or markedly swollen or dilated. Varicosity
An abnormally rapid beating of the heart when excited by violent exertion, strong emotion, or disease. Palpitation
Relatively slow heart action. Bradycardia
Bluish or purplish discoloration (as of skin) due to deficient oxygenation of the blood. Cyanosis
Created by: amtuohy