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skeletel system

AKA above knee amputation
BKA below knee amputation
DJD degenerative joint disease
Fx fracture
LS lumbosacral
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PROM passive range of motion
RA rhematoid arthritis
RF rheumatoid factor
ROM range of motion
THR Total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TMJ temporomandibular joint
Tx traction
appendicular skeleton forms the extremities and is composed of the shoulder girdle, arm bones, pelvic girdle, and leg bones
axial skeleton forms the main trunk of the body and is composed of the skull, spinal column, ribs, and breastbone
carpals wrist
clavicles collarbones
cranium the spherical structure that surrounds and protects the brain
diaphysis the long shaft
endosteum a membrane that lines the medullary canal and keeps the yellow marrow intact; also produces some bone growth
epiphysis the two extremities
femur thigh
fibula lower leg
fontanels spaces "soft spots: that allow for the enlargement of the skull as brain growth occurs
foramina openings in the bones that allow nerves and blood vessels to enter or leave the bone
humerus bones of each in upper arm
joints areas where two or more bones join together
ligaments connective tissue banda that help hold long bones together at joints
medullary canal a cavity in the diaphysis
metacarpals five bones in palm of hand
metatarsals five bones instep of foot
os coxae two hip bones that the pelvic girdle is made of
patella knee cap
periosteum tough membrane that covers the outside of the bone and contains blood vessels, lymph vessels, and osteoblast
phalanges 14 bones
radius bone on thumb side
red marrow found in certain bones such as vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and cranium
ribs 12 pairs of costae
scapula shoulder blade
sinuses air spaces in the bones of the skull that act a resonating chambers for the voices
skeletal system organs that work to provide framework, protection, levers, production of blood cells and storage;206 bones
sternum breastbone
sutures areas where the cranial bones have joined ogether
tarsals seven bones in ankle
tibia bone lower leg
ulna larer bone of lower bone
vertebrae 26 bones in the spinal column that protect the spinal cord and povide supor for heads and trunk
yellow marrow mainly fat cells
Created by: maydelin