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MEDOP 230- Orthopedics: Fractures

Stress fractures caused by force or torsion during a sport or activity.
Pathologic fractures caused by a disease process like osteoporosis.
Some fractures: are categorized by how the bone breaks.
No matter the cause of fracture, if the bone heals without treatment it may show: malunion or malalignment.
Open Fracture open fracture does tear through the skin.
Closed Fracture closed fracture does not tear through the skin
Nondisplaced fracture nondisplaced fracture remains in normal anatomical alignment
Displaced Fracture displaced fracture moves out of normal anatomical alignment.
Colles' distal radius broken by falling onto an outstretched hand
Comminuted Bone is crushed into several small pieces
Compression vertebrae are compressed together when a person falls onto buttocks or collapses on itself
Depressed cranium is fractured inwards to the brain
Greenstick bone is broken on one side; occurs in children due to flexible cartilage
Hairline very thin fracture line with the pieces still together; difficult to detect
Oblique broken in an oblique angle
Spiral broken in a spiral manner with a twisting force
Transverse broken in a transverse plan perpendicular to its long axis
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