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Joint/Cartilage/Liga

MEDOP 230- Orthopedics: Joint, Cartilage, and Ligament Diseases

TermDefinitionNote
Arthralgia Pain in the joint due to injury, inflammation, or infection from various causes.
Arthropathy General term for disease of the joint from any cause.
Dislocation Displacement of the end of a bone from its normal position in a joint; usually caused by trauma but can occur in the hip of the newborn.
Gout Metabolic disorder in which high uric acid levels cause pain in the joint; most often occurs in the great toe.
Hemarthrosis A condition of blood in the joint cavity, usually due to blunt trauma or penetrating injury.
Lyme disease Arthritis caused by a bacterium in the bite of an infected deer tick. •Begins with a bull’s-eye rash and joint pain, fever, chills, and fatigue. •Can affect the heart and nervous system.
Osteoarthritis Chronic inflammation, pain, and stiffness in the joints as cartilage wears away and bone rubs on bone.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Acute and chronic inflammatory disease of the connective tissue, particularly the joints. •It is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s own antibodies attack cartilage and tissue. •Joints are red and swollen with progressive deformity
Sprain Overstretching or tearing of ligaments around a joint
Subluxation Partial dislocation with slight displacement of bone ends from the joint
Torn meniscus A tear in the cartilage pad in the knee joint because of an injury
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